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Air Pollution Exposed: Why You Might Be Breathing In Tire Waste



Most drivers know the importance of checking tires regularly to see how worn down they are ― if you don’t, your car is an accident waiting to happen. But have you ever thought about where the worn-down stuff actually goes?

About 10-30 percent of the rubber from car tires is lost as they wear out, a European Commission review reports. The majority of that material ends up on, or at the side of, the road, but most of us don’t realize that tiny tire wear particles small enough to be inhaled are also mixed into the air we breathe.

While a number of scientific studies have found tire dust has adverse health effects, the tire industry ― and studies it has commissioned ― suggests otherwise.

Air pollution in the U.S. causes as many as 200,000 premature deaths each year. Motor vehicles are a major source of this pollution. Exposure to pollutants from motor vehicles can cause lung and heart problems and early death, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

Although significant work has gone into researching the contribution of emissions from exhaust pipes to air pollution, emissions such as those produced by tire wear have been largely overlooked, professor Frank Kelly, chair in environmental health at King’s College London, told HuffPost.

There is much that needs to be investigated, not only when it comes to the potential health effects but also around what actually goes into tires.

Since the recipes manufacturers use for their tires are generally kept under wraps, exactly what these tire wear particles contain is “a bit of a black box,” said Kelly, who provides policy support on air pollution to the World Health Organization.

The findings of a study co-authored by the academic in 2013 suggest that reducing exposure to tire dust would likely lead to improvements in health. But more research is needed to better understand the health effects of tire wear particles, Kelly said, especially as non-tailpipe emissions ― from brake pads and road surfaces as well as tires ― become increasingly important while exhaust emissions are brought under control.

The tire industry, however, has pushed back on suggestions that tire wear particles have health effects. The Tire Industry Project ― an industry body chaired by the three biggest tire manufacturers, Michelin, Bridgestone and Goodyear ― says it is working to develop a better understanding of the possible health and environmental effects of tire and road wear particles (TRWP).

As part of this ongoing work, it has commissioned a series of peer-reviewed publications. “The key takeaway from TIP’s research so far has been that the presence of TRWP presents no significant risk to humans and the environment,” Philippe Fonta, the managing director of TIP, told HuffPost by email.

Cyrille Roget, global head of scientific and innovations communications at Michelin Group, told HuffPost: “All the studies that we have been looking at indicate that those particles in fact do not present any danger.”

Despite repeated requests, Michelin did not provide HuffPost with these studies. Michelin did say it is developing a tire with a biodegradable tread made from material such as hay or beets.

Concerns over tire particle pollution also raise questions about frequently cited ideas for tackling vehicle-related pollution, such as electric cars.

Electric vehicles (EVs) are being touted as one of the most promising solutions to the air pollution crisis, especially in cities. But while they can significantly reduce tailpipe emissions, they won’t tackle the effects of non-tailpipe emissions from the likes of tire waste.

Jonathan Grigg, professor of pediatric respiratory and environmental medicine at Queen Mary University London, told HuffPost that cities should go further than just promoting EVs and genuinely rethink urban transport to move away from private car use.

“Yes, we can achieve a lot with EVs, but we shouldn’t lose sight of the fact that we need to be able to move around our cities in different ways than just individual cars,” said Grigg, whose research focuses on air pollution and health.

Cities around the world are experimenting with ways to get vehicles off the streets. Los Angeles is phasing out heavy-duty diesel trucks from its port and overhauling the mass transit system, while Norway is replacing car parking spaces with bike lanes and closing certain streets to private traffic in its capital city, Oslo. Brussels and Ghent in Belgium have also been experimenting with car-free initiatives, with mixed success. In Paris, major intersections are being redesigned to prioritize pedestrians and cyclists over vehicle traffic.

There’s a long way to go, however, not least of all in America. “In the current anti-regulatory political climate of the U.S., government officials are attempting to downplay the health impacts of poor air quality,” Natalie Nava, project leader at the environmental group Greenpeace USA, told HuffPost. “But don’t be fooled ― the air we breathe is important. If the government and companies fail to take action to improve our air, we will be dealing with a global health catastrophe.”

Mubashir Khatri Success life. Making people successful in a changing world. Ranks feed

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Human Resources

What Is Human Resource Management?



Beyond Hiring and Firing: What is HR Management?

Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on the recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in an organization. As you can imagine, all of the processes and programs that are touched by people are part of the HR kingdom.

The HRM department members provide the knowledge, necessary tools, training, administrative services, coaching, legal and management advice, and talent management oversight that the rest of the organization needs for successful operation.

Many HR departments are responsible for organization development that generates the culture of the organization. They are charged with oversight responsibilities to ensure that their organization appropriately builds teams and inspires employee empowerment.

Additional activities sponsored by HR management can include employee and community outreach. They are frequent mentors and members of employee teams that address philanthropic giving, employee engagement activities, and events that involve employee families.

Human Resource Management and Line Managers

HRM functions are also performed by line managers who are directly responsible for the engagement, contribution, and productivity of their reporting staff members. In a fully integrated talent management system, the managers play a significant role in and take ownership responsibility for the recruitment process. They are also responsible for the ongoing development of and retention of superior employees.

Organizations also perform HRM functions and tasks by outsourcing various components to outside suppliers and vendors. The tasks that are most frequently outsourced are those that take HR time and energy away from the HR activities that provide the most strategic value to the company.

This outsourcing most frequently involves payroll functions, but vendors and external consultants can help an organization with HRM in many ways.

Specifically, many HR departments outsource background checking, benefits administration, training such as sexual harassment training, temporary staffing, and the production of employee handbooks, policy manuals, and affirmative action plans.

HRM’s Changing Focus

HRM is the organizational function that deals with or provides leadership and advice for dealing with all issues related to the people in an organization. HRM, as such, deals with compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training.

HRM is also a strategic and comprehensive approach to managing people and the workplace culture and environment. Effective HRM enables employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organization’s goals and objectives.

HRM is moving away from traditional personnel, administration, and transactional roles, which are increasingly outsourced. The HRM function is now expected to add value to the strategic utilization of employees and to ensure that employee programs recommended and implemented impact the business in positive measurable ways.

The New Expectations of HR

Gone are the days when HR staff received direction from the executive team as to their priorities and needs. HR is now expected to sit at the executive table and recommend processes, approaches, and business solutions that improve the ability of the organization’s people to effectively contribute.

The new role of HRM involves strategic direction and HRM metrics and measurementsto demonstrate their value. Employees who work in HRM must demonstrate their valueby keeping their employer and company safe from lawsuits and the resulting workplace chaos. They must perform a balancing act to serve all of an organization’s stakeholders: customers, executives, owners, managers, employees, and stockholders.

It is difficult to underestimate the importance of an effective, modern HRM functionwithin an organization.

An employee who retired from HRM twenty years ago would not recognize the competence and capability of the best HRM organizations today. You can choose to move your HRM function out of the dark days and into the light. Organizations that do—are best served.

More About Human Resource Management

Here are additional resources offered on this HR site that will help you expand your knowledge and thinking about the use of HR within your organization.

More About Careers and Jobs in Human Resource Management

These resources tell you more about how to explore a career in HR and how to find a job in HR. Interested? Keep reading.

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Health Tips

6 Amazing Health Benefits of Maca Root



Maca is a plant firmly identified with radishes that supply the body with fundamental vitamins and supplements and is utilized to avert cardiovascular disease.

It is local to the high hilly regions of the Peruvian Andes, especially the zone near Lake Junin, however it is likewise developed in Bolivia and a few sections of Brazil. It is developed naturally with less utilization of pesticides, since the plant isn’t commonly attacked by predators, bugs, or sickness. Let’s have a look at some of the benefits of Maca Root.

Enhanced Sperm Count                   

The utilization of Maca Root has likewise been connected to an expansion in sperm count for men just as in Progentra, prompting more effective reproduction factors, in light of the fact that an increment in sperm is ordinarily reflected as higher rates of impregnation in the partner. An enhanced sperm count includes regularly raises sexual ability in men, leading to better relation with the partner.

Boost Energy

Maca root has for quite some time been utilized by Peruvian locals as an approach to build energy and endurance to complete any task. This originates from its large amounts of minerals, proteins, and vitamins. Since it is a universally accessible item, these same energy giving qualities can be delighted in by anybody willing to add Maca root to their daily diet. It has a positive effect in increasing stamina which is why athletes take it for better performance in the field.

Better Immune System

Adding Maca Root filled table spoon to a diet can significantly prove beneficial for your immune system. A standout amongst the most critical parts of maca is its abnormal state of protein. It has almost five times more protein for every serving than potatoes, and protein is a fundamental piece of a balanced diet. It can support your resistant framework, tissue repair, and your vitality levels. Better immune system is one of the major parts of general wellbeing, so it is a good choice for the individuals who need to keep away from the cold.

Skin Health

Maca can also be utilized for skin issues. For a few users, it clears skin break out and imperfections. Another advantage that a few clients have encountered is that it diminishes skin sensitivity. In hot or cold climate, Maca root may enable skin to withstand high temperatures.

Maintain Bone Density

Keeping up bone density is a typical issue as you age. Adding Maca to your diet can likewise build bone thickness and quality while preventing osteoporosis. It, alongside numerous vegetables, is rich wellsprings of calcium, which is essential for promoting durable and healthy bones.

Good for Better Mood

According to research natural fatty acids available in food including maca root, is important for supporting state of mind and general brain health. An examination of Maca’s enhanced impact for the brain has indicated promising outcomes. Fatty acids in Maca root supports mind, which might be in charge of cognitive function and analytical skills. One fatty acid like omega-3 fatty acid is helpful in overcoming stress, depression, and anxiety.

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Health Tips

Six Tips to Get More Healthy Skin



Do not have time to take care of skin? You may still pamper yourself by acing the essentials. Great healthy skin and reliable way of life decisions can help to postpone the natural growing old system and save you numerous pores and skin issues. Here are six tips for skin caring.

Protect Yourself from the Sun

The best method to deal with your skin is to guard or protect it with best eye firming cream. The skin exposed to sun can cause wrinkles, age spots, and other skin issues along with growing chances of pores and skin cancer.

To get sun safety you need to utilize sunscreen with an SPF of no less than 15 minutes. Apply sunscreen freely, and reapply each hour. You will need to use more in case you are swimming or sweating. Avoiding going out from 10 o’clock until 2 o’clock because during that time sun rays are on the peak.

Wear protective clothing. Cover your skin with long-sleeved shirts, long jeans, and wide-overflowed caps.  Additionally remember laundry additives, which provide clothing a further layer of ultraviolet safety for a certain quantity of washings, or unique solar protecting clothing — that is mainly designed to stop sun rays.

Eat Foods with Antioxidants                        

Only antioxidants are the best assets your body needs to battle with different sickness or decrease the chances of infections. Infection is the major source of wrinkle formation.  Major antioxidants are readily available in various foods. Some of the foods rich in antioxidants are:

  • Raspberries
  • Nuts
  • Blueberries
  • Spinach
  • Gobi berries
  • Seeds
  • Pomegranates
  • Acai berries

Right Products for Skin

Your friend may inform you about a few excellent products that she uses for her skin, or you may find out in a beauty magazine. However, that doesn’t mean it will work fine for your skin too. Always use the right product that is suitable with your skin. Check this awesome cream

Try not to Smoke

Smoking influences your skin to appear old and adds wrinkles to it. Smoking tightens the minor veins in the peripheral layers of skin, which diminishes bloodstream. It blocks the skin oxygen and supplements that are critical to skin wellbeing.

Smoking cigarettes can also destroy collagen and elastin, the fibers that give your skin quality and flexibility.  What’s more, the dull look you make when smoking, for example, pressing together with your lips while breathing in and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke can be a cause of wrinkles.

If you smoke, the ideal approach to secure your skin is to stop. Ask your doctor or specialist for tips or medications to enable you to quit smoking.

Eat a Healthy Diet

A healthful food plan allows you to look and feel your best. Consume lots of fruits, veggies, proteins and whole grains. The relationship amongst eating and skin effects isn’t clear, yet some studies recommend that an eating meal rich in vitamin C, low in fats and maintain refined starches may promote younger looking skin.


Exercise is the best source or activity for healthy body and skin. It has many benefits for our body. It expands the flow of oxygen and supplements and discharges poisons through sweat, which prompts clearer firmer skin. Always smile as it is the best exercise for your face.


All these tips are proven to be effective for healthy skin. You may also consult your skin specialist for best advice according to your skin.

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