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When mobile meets modular: pay-as-you-go solar energy in Sub-Saharan Africa



There is an urgent need for providing modern energy services in Sub-Saharan Africa, as energy deficit is one of the major developmental challenges faced by the continent. Mostly, the low-income communities in Africa are deprived of the economically-feasible electricity grids.

A major proportion of the Africa’s rural population does not have access to electricity, which forces them to fall back on costly, grubby fuels like kerosene and diesel. Providentially, an energy revolution is on the move, which will power households and entrepreneurs like Jean Claude Bastos De Morais, Quantum Global Owner, with off-grid solar photovoltaic (PV) energy.

According to the data insights, the demand graph of small-scale solar home systems (SHSs) has gone up, in the recent years. SHS comprises of batteries, solar panels, inverters and a distribution board.

A number of decentralised energy service companies (DESCOs) have established in African markets, including M-Kopa, Off-Grid Electric, d. Light, Bboxx, Mobisol and Nova Lumos. Collectively, they have raised in excess of $360 million in financing and currently provide energy services to over 700,000 customers in East and West Africa. The key to their success has been an innovative financing model that uses the latest innovations in mobile payment systems.

Several DESCOs have adopted a pay-as-you-go (PAYG) scheme, whereby customers pay a small up-front amount for the equipment and then monthly or weekly payments for the energy used, using mobile payment systems. For example, Off Grid Electric’s customers pay approximately $6 per month for entry-level systems, and $15-20 per month for small business kits that include various appliances, such as hair clippers, a television (for bars) or solar lanterns.

The companies typically offer flexible payment terms and varying lease lengths, which reduces upfront payments and gives customers the flexibility to pay from savings or current income. This helps to reduce risks – such as non-payment – and thus lowers costs for consumers and suppliers alike. The daily cost of an entry-level system is similar to the amount customers would spend on alternative energy sources, such as candles, kerosene, and batteries. The modular nature of solar PV systems means they are scalable over time, according to the needs and incomes of individual customers.

This innovative approach to lighting up and powering rural Africa provides an illuminating example of synergistic technological leapfrogging – not only are the latest generations of telecommunication (mobile), energy (solar PV) and finance (mobile payments) being utilised, but they are being fused in a novel way that makes a whole new genre of energy service possible among previously underserved communities.

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How Low Can ICO Ranker Go?



Chinese men and women spend a Wonderful part of their regular Resides on social networking sites. Instead, you’ve got to finish a form to get a supplier to get in touch with you. Another example I would like to touch on is that the shake range that the company provides. Additionally, QR codes might be dying in the Western Earth, however they are still widely utilized in China.


For cold storage take a peek at the list ofavailable pockets. Below is the table of the greatest exchanges to buy bitcoin online. Well, here’s a great starting point. Furthermore, using a website to earn money lets you scale this up and expand it over time without having to sponsor people. The website is installed in a slightly confusing manner, dividing features into various packages, making it a little difficult to understand that which one we have to buy to start earning money. Bear in mind that some of the best bitcoin exchange sites do altcoins. Three, since it is not one of a kind articles, it’s rather difficult to rank.


If you’re taking merchandise to increase your wellness or eliminate Weight, added sugar is the previous thing you would like. A great deal of people couldn’t afford to do so, or just wouldn’t require the merchandise that frequently. As is frequently the circumstance, many of NeoLife’s goods can be found on Amazon. Many of their goods have added sugars, as an instance, protein powder along with the vitamin C that I spoke about. Most products in this industry don’t last more than a year. Moreover, it allows brands to make an advertising strategy and even directly sell their merchandise through the page.


There are various sorts of account on WeChat. What is more, you Can open an organization accounts, which can be referred to as QZone. When it’s to do with locating the very best bitcoin exchange items aren’t all that simple. Generally the largest bitcoin exchanges are going to be towards the top of this aforementioned listing. First thing to take into account when seeking to obtain the top bitcoin market is the way secure are the website and server.


The team members are people who buy from you, while distributors Are unique folks attempting to earn a living from the business enterprise. With no $67 monthly membership, you can revolve around absorbing what they need to offer at no cost. Additionally, their basic membership is completely free! Now there’s only a totally free membership, plus two other things you can purchase. Considering that the neighborhood isn’t very active, and support is extremely limited compared to alternatives.


As Soon as You have any coins then it is a very good Idea to put Away them offline (not on an exchange). Nearly all them have hardly any in the method of evaluations. Launched in February 2015, Maintain is meant to function as an expert trainer.


While making money may be possible, it’d definitely be challenging. Because you’ve got to order a particular sum to even be in a position to earn money, NeoLife might just wind up costing you money rather than really being able to create gain whatsoever. By comparison, you can earn money through your own site without any of this hassle or stress. If you wanted to generate income via NeoLife, you have to be able to successfully sell the product, recruit different people and convince individuals to join as club members. Earning money by way of a website, particularly through online affiliate marketing, is something which just about anybody can do.


The Top ICOS Ratings & Rankings One, everybody has access to precisely the same content. Users can Become almost everything they need in their smartphone, and never need to leave the program. Weibo’s users compose a big market that companies can’t just ignore.


Essentially, it’s referring to a particular type of customer. Businesses can post on a wide Choice of topics and utilize the platform to Interact with various users. For the reason, it’s a good way to your Company to attain its target market. As it Seems like a straightforward means to Make an online company, many women and men attempt to stay away from the job Of producing useful, interesting content and only copy it from various places. The promotion for the item is also a little misleading. Advertising on Meipai is great for brands which rely on visuals to market their brands.

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Personality Tests Are Way More Effective!



Hiring and recruiting is just not about finding a person with the right experience and right skill or right education, it is way more. A good company recruiter also checks out the personalities of the candidates which states whether the person will be fit according to the organization’s environment. Will he/she be comfortable in the culture? It has been observed that the reason behind the unsuccessful employee is not the reason because they can’t do the work properly; the reason is they are a poor cultural fit which implies personality clashes, communication barriers, and bad relationships.

Now, almost every company has understood the importance of personality assessments in the recruitment process to identify the people who have a lot more than the skills and knowledge. The reason behind not opting for the personality test is the most believed myth that this process is beyond the company’s staffing process budget. Resumes and interviews were the traditional tests but they never told a company about the person’s ability to respond quickly in different-different situations as well as his creativity and pressure handling. Personality shows how a person works with others.

Thus, personality is one of the most important factors when considering an employee for hire. Here are some reasons for conducting personality test in the process:

Team Spirit: When hiring, a company should also take care of existing staff so it is important to check that how the new employee will go with the existing staff. Sometimes, too many personalities with strong leadership qualities can lead to a conflict between them. A good employer always makes a group with different personalities so they don’t end up in intersecting each other.

Amiable: An employee with friendly nature always has an edge over others. Customers like to interact with the employees with friendly nature. Not only customers, a happy employee makes a great environment for the organization. A personality test can easily tell you about a person of this type. An amicable employee is directly proportional to sales.

Learning skills: A good personality assessment can also assess the person’s ability to learn in the future. Learning is very important in every field. Staffing process also includes a step called on the job training and this test can make sure that the chosen employee can be trained well. A person who lacks in this skill and does not show a desire to learn the new techniques is not believed as ideal for a company.

Apart from these, there is a never-ending list of advantages of personality tests. Like there is no need to print and distribute any printed material which directly means lowering of costs. Results can be declared hand to hand as the test is software based which can prepare reposts effectively and impressively. Now, there has been a dramatic increase in the usage of personality tests in the recruitment process. There are a number of online sellers that produce a brilliant personality test. Choices are there, so one can choose according to their need.

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Should Fast Food Restaurants Be Experiencing a Reputation Management Crisis?



Over the past decades, the consumption of different types of fast foods has increased in all parts of the world, both in developed and developing countries. However, consumers’ desire for more variety and delectable foods at restaurants sometimes outweigh their health concerns. Unknown to most, the health risks associated with eating at fast foods restaurants are shocking. In some cases, these dangers are induced by some basic operational oversights like assuming quality control and reduced fast food safety measures. Perhaps worse, most fast food restaurants often use portions of sodium, sugar, saturated fat and other ingredients that exceed the recommended levels. These elements eventually lead to obesity, diabetes, cancer, and stroke.

Causes of Reputation Problems in the Restaurant Industry

With the growing demand for fast food, the number of restaurant chains has exponentially increased as well. Unfortunately, surviving in the crowded restaurant industry is not easy. It requires superior service, great food, and a strong online reputation. Typically, a restaurant can take an eon to build a good consumer rapport and a loyal customer base. When it does, there is still a lot at stake, especially if public relation aspects are not handled correctly. For instance, the average pay has increased by 1.5% across the industry; failure to implement the pay rise can lead to employee dissatisfaction. With the employees expressing their displeasure through demonstrations outside the restaurant, this can have dramatic effects on the restaurant’s reputation as well as growth. Although pay raise is one of the most obvious solutions to avoid reputation problems, it’s not everything. Another factor that can taint the image of your restaurant is an incident of food-borne illness. For the last two years, Chipotle, a restaurant with many stores across different states has been in a desperate situation. This is after a string of food contaminations crises that affected several Chipotle customers, and the video footage of mice falling from the ceiling at a Dallas location. The company was hit hard and fast – this was made even worse by the popularity of social media. The food chain experienced an immediate turnaround in their reputation and the life of the business. Worse still, the restaurant resorted to a conventional approach in reputation management. Thankfully, the company’s marketing team has helped Chipotle back on feet.

How to Re-establish Consumer Trust and Win Back the Business

The Chipotle crisis is a perfect demonstration of fast food restaurants experiencing reputation management crisis. Apparently, this can happen to just about any restaurant business. For this reason, it is vital to implement a reputation management strategy to boost your overall brand and bounce back from the challenge.

  1. Utilize Social Media Platforms to Your Advantage

When a reputation crisis occurs, and the news hit the air. The best move is to act fast and go above and beyond the public’s expectations in order to manage the situation. First, you need to make good use of social media networks. While the platforms are notorious for creating controversy or spreading news of a crisis, it is crucial to turn them into your number one advocate. Ideally, announce on the various platforms the specific measures you are taking to address the issue. This will show that you prioritize customer welfare and satisfaction. For example, you can let the patrons know that you’ve decided to toss out all the cheese or you’re temporarily closing down to contain the mess. Second, admit to the accusations (if genuine) and apologize immediately via the social networks. Apologies are very powerful and show a lot about the character of your business.

  1. Rebranding

In the event of repeated and varied instances of food poisoning, your brand may seem damaged entirely. At this point, you might consider rebranding to distance yourself from the problem that tarnished your brand. In case you choose to take this path, be sure to define your intended goals and outcome and lay out a clear roadmap before you hit the road to rebranding.

  1. Hire a Marketing Firm

This is without a doubt one of the best ways to cut through reputation crises like a hot knife through butter.   Whether your restaurant’s crisis was caused by other outside influences or by the food itself, an online reputation management company can help you reverse the impacts. A good ORM consultant will be committed to regaining control of your business, improve your brand image and most importantly mitigate the negative reviews.

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