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Torrone – The Oldest Christmas Sweet

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The most common Italian nougat torrone is white nougat made with honey and beaten egg. The word nougat was first mentioned in Cristoforo di Messisbugo’s work in the 16th century. This is one of the most complex and that’s why the most interesting Christmas sweets in Italy. The origins of other Italian Christmas sweets such as panettone and pandoro are known. However, the origin of nougat is disputable.

It is not easy to present the origin and history of this Christmas sweet in an order. This Christmas cake has various formulas and recipes. It can be soft or hard. It can be chocolate or white. However, its 4 common denominators include egg white, honey, sugar and almonds.

Let’s see the origin and history of nougat.

The Roman Dessert

The ancient nougat was popular in the Sannio area. Romans used to make this sweet with almonds honey and egg whites. Sellers selling nougat in the area of Benevento are known as cupetari. Honey with dried fruit was used in making a lot of other Roman sweets. Some people trace their origin to China. However, their claims are weak.

Arabic or Spanish Origins

The tradition of Benevento is passed through Montefalcone di Val Fortore, Santa Croce del Sannio and San Marco dei Cavoti. People living in these towns produce a type of nougat which is white and crumbly, white and soft, white but covered in chocolate. The area of Sannio was a part of the Bourbon domain. A special nougat was produced for Neapolitan Royals and the Pope. The link between cupedia/torrone/cupeta and southern Italy dates back to Spanish or Arabic domain. It is difficult to say whether credit of introducing to Italy should be given to Arabs or Spanish. However, if it originated in the region of Iberian; it must be brought in Spain by the Arabs. People were informed that nougat was a stimulating food good for health.

A doctor from Cordoba described it as a healthy mixture of sugar, almonds, honey and various spices. A version of nougat can be found in all countries that were once ruled by the Arabs. Africans used to make with small black dates and very dark honey. In the west of Sicily, nougat is called cubbaita and in the east, it is known as giuggiulena.

France

France can also be the place of origin of nougat in 1260. It is said that Carlo D’Angiò’s cook brought nougat to Italy. Made from almonds and honey, it became popular in Southern Italy. In the 18th century, it reached Rome.

The Cremona Origins

Notoriously, Cremona is the home of nougat. The date of the marriage between Bianca Maria Visconti and Francesco Sforza and the date of the birth of nougat coincides: October 25, 1441. On the occasion of the wedding, a dessert was served and that dessert was very similar to Arab nougat. However, they added egg white to it. In honor of the city’s bell tower, Torrazzo of Cremona, it was given the name torrone. In 1543 Cremona nougat was in the news for the first time when the municipality bought and donated to the Milanesi. Its popularity increased in the nineteenth century.

Why do we eat nougat at Christmas?

It has something to do with the cultivation of almonds. Almonds are harvested at the end of the summer. In addition to this, during the winter, there was not much work in the fields. So, peasants were confectioners as well. The sale of nougat is increased at Christmas time.

So, this is the information we have about the origin of Italian nougat torrone. You can find easy Italian nougat torrone recipes online. You must try.

Micheal Anderson is a Web expert and blogger by hobby, currently he is working with Techmagnate in the Boston, USA.

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McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, and Starbucks quickly suspend all business in Russia.

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Detroit: McDonald’s, Starbucks, Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Basic Electrical — common worldwide models and representations of U.S. corporate might — all have reported they certainly were quickly suspending their business in Russia in response to the country’s invasion of Ukraine. “Our values suggest we cannot disregard the needless human putting up with unfolding in Ukraine,” McDonald’s Leader and CEO Chris Kempczinski said on a start page to employees. The Chicago-based burger huge said it’d quickly close 850 stores but carry on paying their 62,000 workers in Russia “who have added their heart and heart into our McDonald’s brand.”Kempczinski said it’s impossible to learn when the organization will have a way to reopen its stores.

“The situation is challenging for a worldwide model like ours, and there are many criteria,” Kempczinski wrote in the letter. For example, McDonald’s works with countless Russian companies and serves millions of customers each day.

Last Friday, Star-bucks had said it was donating gains from its 130 Russian stores — owned and run by Kuwait-based franchisee Alshaya Group — to humanitarian comfort initiatives in Ukraine. But on Wednesday, the organization changed class and said it’d quickly close these stores.

Alshaya Group will carry on to cover Starbucks’ 2,000 Russian workers, Star-bucks Leader and CEO Kevin Brown said on a start page to employees.

“Through this powerful situation, we shall carry on to produce conclusions which can be correct to your goal and values and keep in touch with transparency,” Brown wrote. Coca-Cola Co. reported it was suspending its business in Russia. Nonetheless, it provided several details. Coke’s spouse, Switzerland-based Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Co., owns ten bottling plants in Russia, which is their largest market. Cola features a 21 per dollar stake in Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Co.

PepsiCo and Basic Electrical equally reported partial shutdowns of this Russian business.

Pepsi, situated in Purchase, New York, said it’d hang income of liquids in Russia. It may also hang any capital investments and promotional activities.

But the organization said it’ll carry on to create milk, baby method, and baby food, in part to continue promoting their 20,000 Russian workers and the 40,000 Russian agricultural employees. They are elements of their offer chain.

“Today, more than actually, we ought to remain correct to the humanitarian facet of our business,” PepsiCo CEO Ramon Laguarta said in contact with employees.

Basic Electrical also said in a Twitter post that it was partly suspending its procedures in Russia. G.E. said two conditions could be necessary medical equipment and help present energy services in Russia. McDonald’s is among those to take the largest financial hit. Unlike Star-bucks and other junk food businesses like KFC and Pizza Hut, whose Russian places are owned by franchisees, McDonald’s owns 84 pr dollar of their Russian stores. McDonald’s has additionally quickly closed 108 restaurants in Ukraine and remains to cover these employees.

In a recently available regulatory processing, McDonald’s said their restaurants in Russia and Ukraine lead 9 percent of their annual revenue, or about USD 2 thousand last year. Yum Manufacturers, the parent organization of KFC and Pizza Hut, said it is in the offing to close 70 company-owned KFC restaurants in Russia late Wednesday quickly. The organization said it was also in talks with a franchisee to close all 50 Pizza Hut restaurants in Russia.

It’d reported Monday, so it was donating every one of the gains from their 1,050 restaurants in Russia to humanitarian efforts. It has additionally suspended new restaurant growth in the country.

Burger King said it’s redirecting the profits from their 800 Russian stores to comfort initiatives and donating USD 2 million in food vouchers to Ukrainian refugees.

McDonald’s said Wednesday it had contributed more than USD 5 million to their staff help fund and comfort efforts. It has additionally left a Ronald McDonald House Charities mobile medical treatment product at the Shine edge with Ukraine; another mobile treatment product is en approach to the edge in Latvia, the organization said. PepsiCo said it’s donating food, appliances, and USD 4 million to comfort organizations.

Some of the businesses have a long record of functioning in Russia. At the height of the Cold War, PepsiCo entered the Russian industry in the first 1960s and served to generate frequent surface involving the U.S. and the Soviet Union.

Later, McDonald’s was one of many first U.S. junk food businesses to start a store in Russia, signifying that the Cold War had thawed. On January 31, 1990, tens of thousands of Russians prearranged before testing hamburgers — many for the first time — at the very first McDonald’s in Moscow. By the end of the day, 30,000 foods have been rung up on 27 cash registers, an opening-day report for the company.

But since the Ukraine invasion last month, many corporations have stopped procedures in Russia in protest. Among them is client goods conglomerate Unilever, which said it had suspended all imports and exports of their items in to and out of Russia. So it won’t invest any longer capital into the country.

In a far more restricted move, Amazon said Wednesday the company’s cloud computing system, Amazon Web Services, will stop letting new sign-ups in Russia and Belarus.

The force has been mounting on companies that stayed in the country. Hashtags to boycott businesses like McDonald’s, Coca-Cola and PepsiCo easily appeared on cultural media.

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