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German academics consider election's impact – Inside Higher Ed



A lack of attention in the campaign doesn’t mean there aren’t important issues.
The relative lack of attention to universities and research in the German federal election campaign has been a “deficit,” with funding concerns looming in the wake of the pandemic, the head of the nation’s university leaders has warned.
The center-left Social Democrats, currently junior partners in a conservative Christian Democratic Union-led governing coalition, are the front-runners in polls ahead of the Sept. 26 vote, although they will need the support of other parties to form a government.
In an election dominated by the pandemic and economy, universities and research have featured little in the campaign. To some extent that is unsurprising, given Germany’s 16 states, or Länder, have chief responsibility for education, rather than the federal government.
Nevertheless, that absence from the campaign is “really a deficit,” said Peter-André Alt, president of the German Rectors’ Conference (HRK).
“I’m very much complaining about the fact that science and education are not playing a key role in the debate, because we have learnt in the pandemic how important science and research are to solving the problems of the future,” he told Times Higher Education.
Frank Ziegele, executive director of the Center for Higher Education, a German think tank, said that in the past the federal government, which by law has a role alongside the states in higher education, was “quite good at pushing reforms” through the levers of additional funding, most notably in the Excellence Initiative intended to drive competition in research. But in current party policy platforms at the federal level, “there is not much innovation regarding new programs with modernization goals,” he added.
The HRK has called for a 270 million euro ($317 million) annual investment in digitalization in universities in the wake of the online shift driven by the pandemic, a policy picked up by the Social Democrats and Greens, although without committing to that specific sum.
In addition, there is “strong consensus among the main parties,” Ziegele said, that Germany’s system of student funding, a federal responsibility, “urgently has to be reformed,” because its outdated design “does not take into account lifelong learning or part-time studies, so it doesn’t address sufficiently a diverse student body,” reflected in a sharp decline in the number of grants awarded.
The Social Democrats have also talked about reducing the number of young researchers on temporary contracts. While Social Democrats in government at state level have made moves here, “this requires additional money if you want to make somebody permanent,” said Alt.
Are funding cuts at federal or state level a concern as governments look to slash costs after spending heavily to support the economy during the pandemic?
Alt replied, “We are afraid of that … University leaders are very skeptical on whether we will hold this high level of support which has been given over the last decades to the system — not only to universities, but to nonuniversity institutions. These were good years for science in Germany.”
But, in contrast to nations such as England, where there is little cross-party consensus on university funding and much policy instability as a result, might the lack of focus on higher education in the German election be taken as a positive sign of consensus?
“It might also be a positive indicator for the fact that the system is working quite well,” acknowledged Alt.
He added, “Tuition fees are out of the debate … The public financing of the system of higher education is, without any doubt, the way Germany will go on in the future.”
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TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition



essay writing services reddit

As an increasing number of students seek assistance with their academic assignments, the demand for reliable essay writing services continues to grow. With so many options available, it can be challenging to identify the best service providers. To help you make an informed decision, we have compiled a list of the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023. These services have been carefully evaluated based on their reputation, quality of work, customer satisfaction, and affordability. Read on to discover the top essay writing services that can provide you with the support you need to excel in your academic journey.

essay writing services reddit

essay writing services reddit

What Makes a Great Essay Writing Service

Before delving into the top essay writing services reddit, it’s essential to understand the criteria we used to evaluate them. A great essay-writing service should possess the following qualities:

  • Quality of Work: The service should deliver well-researched, original, and high-quality essays that meet academic standards.
  • Professional Writers: The service should have a team of qualified writers with expertise in various subjects who can handle diverse topics.
  • Timely Delivery: The service should be reliable and capable of delivering essays within the given deadline.
  • Customer Support: The service should provide excellent customer support, ensuring effective communication throughout the writing process.
  • Affordability: The service should offer reasonable pricing plans that are affordable for students while maintaining the quality of work.

Now, let’s explore the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023.

TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition

2.1 EssayPro

EssayPro is a highly reputable essay writing service known for its commitment to quality and customer satisfaction. They have a diverse team of experienced writers who can handle a wide range of subjects. EssayPro offers a user-friendly platform, allowing students to place orders easily and track the progress of their essays. Their pricing is competitive, and they offer additional features such as plagiarism reports and unlimited revisions.

2.2 Grademiners

Grademiners is a popular choice among students due to its excellent track record and reliability. They have a team of highly skilled writers who are proficient in various academic disciplines. Grademiners ensures on-time delivery and provides 24/7 customer support to address any concerns. They also offer free revisions and a money-back guarantee, ensuring customer satisfaction.

2.3 Ultius

Ultius is known for its exceptional writing services and commitment to customer privacy and security. They have a rigorous writer selection process, ensuring that only qualified professionals handle the essays. Ultius offers a wide range of writing services, including essay writing, editing, and proofreading. They also provide a mobile app for convenient communication and order tracking.

2.4 EduBirdie

EduBirdie is a trusted essay writing service that offers a unique feature called “choose your own writer.” Students can browse through profiles and select a writer who matches their requirements. This personalized approach allows for effective collaboration and ensures that the final essay meets the student’s expectations. EduBirdie also provides 24/7 customer support and guarantees 100% original and plagiarism-free content.

How We Evaluated the Services

To evaluate the essay writing services, we considered several factors, including:

  • Reputation and reliability
  • Quality of work and adherence to academic standards
  • Customer reviews and satisfaction
  • Pricing and affordability
  • Additional features and guarantees
  • Customer support and communication

By carefully analyzing these aspects, we identified the top 4 essay writing services that offer outstanding support to students.


Choosing a reliable essay writing service is crucial for students seeking academic assistance. The top 4 essay writing services mentioned in this article – EssayPro, Grademiners, Ultius, and EduBirdie – have proven their worth in terms of quality, reliability, and customer satisfaction. Whether you need help with an essay, research paper, or any other academic assignment, these services can provide you with the support you need to succeed in your studies.

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