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German school system still holds back children of migrants, experts say – EURACTIV



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By Sarah Lawton |
29-03-2021 (updated: 30-03-2021 )
The way that Germany’s school system is structured puts students with a migration history at a disadvantage. [EPA-EFE | Sascha Steinbach]
Languages: Français | Deutsch

This article is part of our special report Where is discrimination in Europe?.
In Germany, how well a child does in school is closely linked to their parental background, with immigrants and their children particularly affected by structural inequalities. Opposition politicians are calling for reforms, but experts fear there is a lack of political will for the necessary overhaul.
Inequality in Germany’s educational system is a well-documented problem. For decades, studies have confirmed that students from more advantaged socio-economic backgrounds consistently outperform their peers even when displaying the same cognitive abilities.
These children are more likely to be recommended for the highest tracks in the country’s education system and more likely to attend university. 
Published in January, the government’s latest Education Report for 2020 stated that “social background not only shapes the transition to secondary school, but also plays an important role in the subsequent school career.”
Earlier this month, during a debate on the report in the German parliament, opposition politicians from the Greens, the far-left Die Linke and the liberal Free Democrats (FDP) demanded reforms to address structural inequality in the country’s education system.
However, experts say the political will is lacking for the kind of overhaul necessary to make real change.
Sinti and Roma continue to face inequality in the German education system, a new study shows. Politicians and associations are now calling for funding measures to be scrutinised more closely.
Focus on migration 
The problems are especially apparent among students with a so-called “migration background,” a statistical category indicating those with at least one parent not born with German citizenship. According to the report, children with a migration background are four times more likely to be simultaneously impacted by social, financial, and education-related risk factors.
This makes for a uniquely challenging situation.
“It gets difficult when risk situations accumulate and when discrimination and racism are added to the mix,” the migrant umbrella organisation BV-NeMO told EURACTIV. 
In the 30 to 35 age bracket, just 18.7% of those with a migration background born in Germany have attained a university degree. Among those with two German born parents, that figure rises to 29.6%. 
Structural inequalities vary depending upon where a student’s family is from, the report notes. Those from the western and northern EU countries were far more likely to have a university degree than those with backgrounds rooted in Eastern Europe or Turkey. 
Structural disadvantages
“Social disadvantages and migration have historically been closely coupled in Germany,” Albert Scherr, director of Freiburg University’s Institute for Sociology, told EURACTIV.
Scherr said the disadvantages were also compounded by the way the German education system is structured. “The question is whether schools compensate more or less” for possible disadvantages, Scherr said, pointing to two elements of the German system that make compensation less likely than elsewhere.
Firstly, Germany separates students by educational ability, a process often referred to as tracking. While other countries typically start tracking students between their sixth and tenth years in school, many states in Germany begin this process after fourth grade.
“Education research shows four years [in school] is way too early,” Scherr said. 
Klaus Kohlmeyer, Managing Director of BQN Berlin, an association that works to encourage the societal participation of people with a migration background, agrees.  “The early selection process and the permanent pressure to be evaluated and graded humiliate children and young people instead of strengthening them,” he told EURACTIV. 
Secondly, Germany’s public schools usually only run until the early afternoon, which delegates part of the student’s education to parents who may be better or worse positioned to support their children, Scherr said. 
The situation becomes even more difficult if language learning is thrown into the mix.  “Language support is underdeveloped in Germany,” Scherr said, adding that the system is not designed for students who do not speak German as their first language. 
Teachers also have a role to play, he added. “There is still a strong attitude among German teachers that it’s all down to the families … but it is not attributable to me. It’s a question of fate, because I can’t fight the family,” Scherr said.
Germany no longer ranks in the top 10 countries for integration policy, according to new findings from the Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX). EURACTIV Germany reports.
‘Won’t win an election’
Education policy is a matter left to Germany’s 16 federal states, resulting in a patchwork education system across the country.
Some states, such as Berlin, have made changes to these traditional structures, for example tracking students into separate schools only after sixth grade.  The city also has an expansive system of integrated comprehensive schools, which keep all students together regardless of academic ability. 
Scherr would prefer tracking to come even later than that, after the 10th grade, while Kohlmeyer wants schools to do away with selecting students for different career paths entirely. 
However, Scherr fears that there is little political will to make the kind of drastic reforms needed.
“Every politician knows that if they were to seek substantial change in the education system now, a large number of … middle-class parents would turn against them. No one seriously touches that because everyone knows it won’t win an election,” he said.
[Edited by Josie Le Blond]
Languages: Français | Deutsch

“The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains”.

The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.
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TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition



essay writing services reddit

As an increasing number of students seek assistance with their academic assignments, the demand for reliable essay writing services continues to grow. With so many options available, it can be challenging to identify the best service providers. To help you make an informed decision, we have compiled a list of the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023. These services have been carefully evaluated based on their reputation, quality of work, customer satisfaction, and affordability. Read on to discover the top essay writing services that can provide you with the support you need to excel in your academic journey.

essay writing services reddit

essay writing services reddit

What Makes a Great Essay Writing Service

Before delving into the top essay writing services reddit, it’s essential to understand the criteria we used to evaluate them. A great essay-writing service should possess the following qualities:

  • Quality of Work: The service should deliver well-researched, original, and high-quality essays that meet academic standards.
  • Professional Writers: The service should have a team of qualified writers with expertise in various subjects who can handle diverse topics.
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Now, let’s explore the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023.

TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition

2.1 EssayPro

EssayPro is a highly reputable essay writing service known for its commitment to quality and customer satisfaction. They have a diverse team of experienced writers who can handle a wide range of subjects. EssayPro offers a user-friendly platform, allowing students to place orders easily and track the progress of their essays. Their pricing is competitive, and they offer additional features such as plagiarism reports and unlimited revisions.

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Grademiners is a popular choice among students due to its excellent track record and reliability. They have a team of highly skilled writers who are proficient in various academic disciplines. Grademiners ensures on-time delivery and provides 24/7 customer support to address any concerns. They also offer free revisions and a money-back guarantee, ensuring customer satisfaction.

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Ultius is known for its exceptional writing services and commitment to customer privacy and security. They have a rigorous writer selection process, ensuring that only qualified professionals handle the essays. Ultius offers a wide range of writing services, including essay writing, editing, and proofreading. They also provide a mobile app for convenient communication and order tracking.

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EduBirdie is a trusted essay writing service that offers a unique feature called “choose your own writer.” Students can browse through profiles and select a writer who matches their requirements. This personalized approach allows for effective collaboration and ensures that the final essay meets the student’s expectations. EduBirdie also provides 24/7 customer support and guarantees 100% original and plagiarism-free content.

How We Evaluated the Services

To evaluate the essay writing services, we considered several factors, including:

  • Reputation and reliability
  • Quality of work and adherence to academic standards
  • Customer reviews and satisfaction
  • Pricing and affordability
  • Additional features and guarantees
  • Customer support and communication

By carefully analyzing these aspects, we identified the top 4 essay writing services that offer outstanding support to students.


Choosing a reliable essay writing service is crucial for students seeking academic assistance. The top 4 essay writing services mentioned in this article – EssayPro, Grademiners, Ultius, and EduBirdie – have proven their worth in terms of quality, reliability, and customer satisfaction. Whether you need help with an essay, research paper, or any other academic assignment, these services can provide you with the support you need to succeed in your studies.

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