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New study sheds light on discrimination in the German education system – EURACTIV

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By Sarah Lawton | EURACTIV.de
26-02-2021 (updated: 03-03-2021 )
The new RomnoKher study shows that poorer educational outcomes for Sinti and Roma in Germany. [EPA-EFE | Sascha Steinbach]
Languages: Français | Deutsch

Sinti and Roma continue to face inequality in the German education system, a new study shows. Politicians and associations are now calling for support measures to be scrutinised more closely. EURACTIV Germany reports.
A decade after the first survey into the education experience of Germany’s Sinti and Roma populations, the association RomnoKher released new data in a report presented on Wednesday (24 February).
Based on 614 interviews with Sinti and Roma people across Germany, it shows that these groups are still at a disadvantage in the country’s education system, although some progress was made compared to the 2011 study.
The main area of progress relates to primary school attendance: school was universally attended among the younger respondents to the 2021 survey, compared with 13% who did not attend school in 2011.
Still, “a large proportion of Roma and Sinti leave the education system empty-handed,” said Karin Cudak from the European University in Flensburg, one of the study’s authors.
According to the survey, a third of respondents left secondary school without receiving a leaving certificate, and another 30% have a degree from a Hauptschule, the lowest track in the German education system. This latter group “in fact, has very little chance of completing a qualified vocational training program,” the sociologist Albert Scherr said at the presentation of the study’s results. 
For the younger generation (respondents from 18-25), there are some positive trends, with only 15% leaving without a degree and 17% attaining an Abitur, the leaving certificate necessary to go to university.
However, there is still a wide discrepancy between Sinti and Roma students compared to their German peers. The national average for those leaving school without a degree in this age group is 7%, and 40% completed an Abitur, although this latter statistic varies significantly from one state to another. 
MEP Romeo Franz (Greens/EFA), the first German Sinto elected to the European Parliament, described the results as “appalling.” The statistics are “a visualisation of how people still suffer so many years after the Holocaust,” he told EURACTIV, referring to the political legacy of discrimination inherited from the Nazi era.
A new report lays bare the widespread encroachments to the fundamental rights of Romani people in Western EU countries, providing the latest piece of evidence of discrimination against Europe’s largest ethnic minority.
Discrimination in school
In addition to inequitable outcomes, Sinti and Roma students frequently face discrimination in school. A majority across all age groups (an average of 62%) said they were bullied for their ethnic background, and over 50% said they experienced violence. 
A quarter of respondents even reported that they were discriminated against by teachers and other school staff. 
Scherr noted that this does not just include direct antiziganist insults, but also more indirect forms of discrimination. “We know very clearly from the relevant research that teachers’ expectations have very strong effects on the actual achievement of schoolchildren. That is, there is no need to make directly insulting remarks as a teacher to produce discriminatory effects,” he explained.
More than 1.1 million people demanded that the Commission do more to protect minorities, but Brussels neglected to take action. German minority associations are outraged and are trying to build up the pressure through the member states. EURACTIV Germany reports.
Explicit, but not exclusive measures
The study’s findings show the necessity of “explicit, but not exclusive” measures targeting Sinti and Roma communities, argues Daniel Strauß, the lead author of the study.
This is language from the EU’s own strategies. Starting in 2011, the European Commission began advocating for measures to specifically address the unique needs of these communities. 
The latest EU Roma strategic framework, published in October 2020, calls for “explicit but not exclusive targeting, ensuring that mainstream services are inclusive and providing additional targeted support to promote effective equal access for Roma to rights and services.”
Both in 2011 and now, the German government has refused to implement these measures, saying it goes against the principle of equal treatment. As recently as January 2021, the government held to this line of argument.
“In the states, all measures of individual learning support are available to the children of all Sinti and Roma, which are also available to all other pupils and especially children and young people,” the government said in response to an inquiry from the liberal FDP party.  
Franz disagrees: “Politicians who say that this violates equal treatment should actually think about how equal treatment has been violated over the last 60, 70 years with exclusion and discrimination. I cannot understand this argument,” he told EURACTIV. 
Helge Lindh, Member of the Bundestag and rapporteur for the SPD parliamentary group on antiziganism, sees discrimination as the core problem. “Sinti and Roma people experience a very special form of discrimination at all levels of society and these practices must be relentlessly eliminated. In this regard, I support the so-called ‘explicit but not exclusive targeting’,” he told EURACTIV. This method, he added, does not consist of disparate individual measures, but of a systematic plan to combat antiziganism.
This Friday (19 February) marks the anniversary of the Hanau attack. To improve prevention against such attacks, the German government  promised a package of measures against racism, but a real strategy is missing, NGOs say. EURACTIV Germany reports.
The study leader comes to a similar assessment. “The general support measures that German policymakers keep referring to have proven insufficient here after all,” Strauß said at the presentation of the study’s findings on Wednesday (24 February). 
In particular, the report found that Sinti and Roma people who receive support from organisations within the community has a large impact on their educational outcomes. 82% of those who received support graduated with a degree compared to 55% for those who did not receive any help. 
Christoph Leucht, project manager at the Hildegard Lagrenne Foundation, added that this also ignores key points such as discrimination within these progammes. Furthermore, he argued the government would rather play on antiziganist stereotypes and put blame on the Sinti and Roma communities for not using them, instead of reexamining what is not working in the initiatives.
[Edited by Frédéric Simon]
Languages: Français | Deutsch

“The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains”.


The content of this publication represents the views of the author only and is his/her sole responsibility. The European Commission does not accept any responsibility for use that may be made of the information it contains.
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Carrots Have These 8 Amazing, Surprising Health Benefits

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Initially, the vegetable originated in the geological area and the Asian United States, and it was initially only available in purple and yellow hues. Carrots are an excellent source of beta carotene, a natural mineral introduced by the body to provide sustenance, and they are high in fibre.

Carrots, which are crunchy, orange, and delicious, provide a variety of benefits to our health, pores, skin, and hair. These don’t appear to be particularly tasty, but they are loaded with numerous important nutrients, for example, beta-carotene, cell reinforcements, potassium, fibre, sustenance K, and so on.

Carrots are cultivated to promote eye health, lower dangerous LDL cholesterol, and aid in weight loss. Let’s put it to the test and find out why carrots are so good for you!

The following are twelve effective edges you might get from carrots:

1. Supports gadget

Most importantly, carrots contain a few phytochemicals that are well-known for their cancer-causing properties. Carotenoids and carotenoids are present in more than one of these associations. Overall, compounds create resistance and activate specific proteins that prevent the growth of most tumor cells. An investigation reveals on a screen that carrot juice can also fight leukemia.

2. Advances Glowing Skin

Investigate tips that stop outcome, and vegetables well off in those composites will finish pores and pores and skin ground and work with people’s appearances, thus making them more noteworthy young.

3. Fortifies Bones

Carrots are high in vitamins, minerals, and cancer-fighting agents. Vitamins B6 and K, potassium, phosphorous, and other minerals contribute to bone health, a more durable, and help with mental performance. Aside from selling the body to free extreme annihilation, cancer prevention agents keep an eye on the casing in the course of dangerous microbes, infections, and diseases. Physical cell digestion is managed by the ophthalmic component. Carotenoids have been linked to improved bone health.

4. Advances Male physiological circumstance (ED)

These fruitfulness meals may increase the number of sperm cells and their motility. According to research, this is a direct result of the fake carotenoids found in carrots, which are responsible for the vegetable’s orange color. However, it is still unknown whether carrots can improve sperm enjoyment and motility. Carrots are being tried to improve food for male physiological conditions and erectile dysfunction. Cenforce FM and Cenforce D can be used to treat impotency.

5. Keeps From Cancer and Stroke

Carrots have an unusual endowment in that they are loaded down with anti-cancer resources that will depress the cells’ blast. Essentially, studies have discovered that carrots can reduce the risk of a variety of diseases, including colon, breast, and prostate cancer.

6. Further develops the natural framework Health

Carrots contain a significant amount of dietary fibre, which plays an important role in supporting healthy stomach function. Fibre expands your stool, allowing it to pass more easily through the stomach-related plot and preventing stoppage.

7. Assists with managing polygenic affliction and basic sign

Carrots are high in fibre, which promotes cardiovascular health by lowering LDL cholesterol levels in veins and blood vessels. Calcium is absorbed through the frame of carrots, resulting in low but dangerous cholesterol levels.

Carrots have an unbalanced fibre content. An investigation found that advanced fibre consumption improves aldohexose digestion in people with the polygenic disorder. Following a healthy, well-balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Inconsistencies in glucose digestion may require a high level to combat aerophilic strain, and this is frequently where the inhibitor nutrients dilettanti ophthalmic thing axerophthol fats-solvent sustenance may also benefit.

According to one review, juice provided a 5 wrinkle inside the beat fundamental sign. The supplements in carrot juice, with fibre, K, nitrates, and vitamin C, have all been obtained to help this final product.

8. Advances Healthy Heart

To begin with, each cancer prevention agent is beneficial to your coronary heart. Furthermore, at 0.33, they should contain fibre, which can help you stay in shape and lower your chances of having a heart attack.

9. Forestalls devolution

Edges that are hostile to ophthalmic detail ensure the floor of the eye and provide a sharp inventiveness and perception. Taking juice will help to delay many eye diseases, such as macular degeneration, cataracts, and visual impairment. Overall, carrots contain lutein, which is an inhibitor that protects the eye from obliterating light.

10. Works on urinary organ and Liver perform

Carrots contain glutathione. Cell reinforcement has been shown to be effective in treating liver disease caused by aerophilic strains. The greens are high in plant flavonoids and beta-carotene, both of which stimulate and develop your popular liver component. Carrots contain carotenoid, which can help fight liver problems.

11. Palatable Anti-Aging

Along with carrots on your regular food, you will appreciate limiting the way you get more seasoned. Furthermore, beta-carotene functions as an inhibitor that advances cell harm, which happens as a result of the casing’s normal digestion.

12. Advances Weight Loss

Uncooked Carrots are 88% water when raw or ebb and flow. A regular carrot has the lowest difficulty level of 25 energy. Taking everything into consideration, including carrots in your diet is a wise way to fuel yourself while collecting calories.

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