Connect with us


The education system in Austria: a guide for families – Expatica Belguim



From school tracks to home-schooling, and daycare to funding, we explain everything you need to know about education in Austria.
Between vocational and academic tracks, public and private options, education in Austria can seem complex. So when it comes to enrolling your children in school, this can seem an intimidating process; especially for expat parents who need to first familiarize themselves with the education system. Fortunately, with a little research and some preparation, navigating education in Austria can be a relatively seamless process.
To help you out, this guide explains everything from school tracks to home-schooling, and daycare to resources for special needs children. It includes the following information:
Education in Austria is divided into public, private, and international schools. Overall, educational quality is high, and your child will be in good hands. In fact, in 2015, Austrian students performed above-average when compared to other European countries. School attendance is mandatory up until the age of 15, through to ninth grade.
The Federal Ministry of Education funds and supervises all primary, secondary, and tertiary education in Austria, but each individual state is the administrator.
In Austria, school sections have different names. Students up to age ten will complete their primary school at a Volksschule or Grundschule, while students aged 10 to 14 or 15 will attend a junior high (Hauptschule) or secondary school (Kooperative Mittelschule). Students interested in vocational training may complete their ninth year at a polytechnical school, or Polytechnische Schule. While educational inequality is generally low in Austria, students from immigrant backgrounds do tend to have higher rates of grade repetition and early school leaving. You can find more specific information about the schooling system in Austria in our guides to schools and international schools.
Parents interested in pre-school education in Austria have a few options. Kinderkrippen are care centers for children under the age of three, while kindergartens welcome children aged three to six. Pre-school begins at age five, is free, and is mandatory. Before this age, education in Austria is not mandatory; that said, many parents do choose to enroll their children. Early childhood education, on the other hand, is not free, and costs depend on the province and the daycare center.
Fortunately, you can apply for a childcare allowance if your family circumstances meet the requirements. Generally, early childhood education in Austria is popular and accessible; in fact, in 2018, 90% of Austrian children aged three to five participated in early childhood education.
Primary school education in Austria is mandatory for all students. It takes place at a Volksschule or Grundschule and caters to students aged six to ten, and ends after the fourth grade is successfully completed.
The local state authority administers primary schools in the region, however, they are funded by the federal government.
Public primary education is free in Austria and the quality throughout the country is widely considered to be very high. However, if your child does not speak German, then your options are a little more limited. If your child is young and would thrive in a German-speaking school, you can enroll them in a regular public school. Another option is bilingual schooling.
Bilingual schools are public and no-cost, and offer bilingual instruction in German and English; so your child gets the best of both worlds. Unfortunately, there are a limited number of bilingual schools, and many are clustered around Vienna and other major cities where spaces fill up fast. If you live in Vienna, however, check out this helpful resource.
Although most Austrians participate in the public school system, private schools account for about 8% of schools throughout the country. As an expat, you will likely be interested in international schools. That said, you can also find private schools with a particular affiliation, such as a Catholic or Montessori school, as well as ones without affiliations. Cost and admission policies vary accordingly. If there is a particular kind of private school you are looking for, be sure to ask for recommendations within your expat circles. Keep in mind, though, that many private schools that aren’t international schools do teach in German.
In Austria, secondary school caters to students aged 10 to 18 and is compulsory until the ninth grade.
After completing primary school, students may enroll in different types of schools, depending on their interests and career goals.
Public secondary education in Austria is free and generally very high-quality. Subjects taught include the standard subjects, however, due to the various tracks that students can choose, there are many options to pursue both academic and vocational interests.
Known as Neue Mittelschule in German, lower secondary school caters to students aged 10 to 14. Generally, students study standard subjects with some options to explore their own interests in certain schools.
The Polytechnische Schule is available to ninth-grade students and involves one year of study, often within a polytechnical school. Overall, this year seeks to prepare students for a vocational program or apprenticeship. Therefore, practical training, including company visits, are a major part of the program.
Known as Berufsschule, vocational schools offer both school subjects and a structured apprenticeship in their area of interest. They cater to students in grades 10 to 13.
Split into lower secondary and upper secondary school, secondary academic school is known as Allgemeinbildende Höhere Schule or Gymnasium in German. These schools cater to students who are on track to attend university. That said, after eighth grade, students can switch to a vocational program.
If you are looking for a particular brand of private school in Austria, you do have a few options, as follows.
Most expats choose to enroll their children in international schools because of the familiar language of instruction and for their continuity of study when they return to their home country. International schools are also diverse and will likely have familiar processes for both students and parents. International schools, though, are not cheap, and annual costs can range from €5,000 to €50,000 depending on the school and the grade level.
Need some guidance on how to choose a good international school for your child? Then check out our helpful guide.
There are plenty of religious schools in Austria with Roman Catholic schools being particularly widespread and rigorous. You can also find schools with Christian and Jewish affiliations. If this is important to you, the best place to start looking would be within your faith community.
Emphasizing independence and self-sufficiency, Montessori schools are widely available in Austria. The only challenge, however, might be finding one that teaches in your preferred language of instruction. Therefore, be sure to ask around in your expat circles.
For parents seeking a fuller community experience for their child, there are a number of boarding schools throughout Austria. When doing your research, be sure to filter by your preferred location, language of instruction, and whatever other considerations may be important, such as cost. This should whittle down your list quite quickly.
The International Baccalaureate (IB) program emphasizes critical thinking, writing, extracurricular service, and creativity. Widely recognized globally, the IB program is well-rounded and rigorous; it is also widely accepted in university applications the world over. Many parents appreciate the universality of the IB program and choose to enroll their children accordingly. There are 14 schools that offer IB in Austria. You can find out more about the program in our guide to the International Baccalaureate program.
In order to proceed to the following grade in Austria, a student must first pass all of their classes. To continue onto an Austrian university, however, a student will need to take the school-leaving examination, the Matura. This German-language exam consists of written and oral examinations, and successful completion will grant you a certificate called a Maturazeugnis, which shows your exam grades.
The Austrian government provides support to parents in several forms. Specifically, qualifying families may access a general family allowance, a tax credit for children, a school start amount, and a supplement for children with severe disabilities. If you are interested in applying, you can visit this government website. Parents seeking grants to international schools should speak to the individual schools, as scholarships would be funneled through each school.
Expat students who are enrolled in German-speaking Austrian schools may struggle, at least initially, to adjust to both the language and the system of education in Austria. As a result, many expat parents prefer not to undergo this process and, instead, enroll their children in international or bilingual schools. International schools can be preferable because they cater specifically to expat students and parents, and because they can offer a level of continuity with home-country education systems.
Children with special educational needs have a few different options in Austria. Once it is determined that a child has special needs, they may receive that extra support alongside other students. Otherwise, parents may decide to place them in a special needs school – a Sonderschule – or in a special pedagogical center – a Sonderpädagogisches Zentrum. However, expats may run into the barrier of finding special needs services in their native language. Therefore, be sure to ask around in your expat circles.
If your child will be attending a public school in Austria, they will likely attend the school closest to their home. If, on the other hand, you would like to send your child to a different school, you will need to send that request to the other location’s school inspector. They will then decide whether or not to approve your request. Parents of international school students can also transfer their children to other schools; the only glitch, however, might be finding space at a different international school. International schools in Austria, especially outside of major cities, are limited, so be sure to do your research. Also bear in mind that transfer processes differ between each school.
International schools in Austria tend to welcome parental involvement. So if you are looking to join a Parent Teacher Association (PTA) or get similarly involved, be sure to check with your school to see your options.
Parental involvement in public schools, however, is usually less structured and will likely require that you speak German. In any case, your best bet is to ask your school administrators about how to get involved.
Home-schooling your children in Austria is a straightforward process. In fact, the right to homeschooling has been legally enshrined since 1985. An estimated 2,000 children in Austria are homeschooled each year. Parents must inform their local school board before the start of the school year of their intent to home-school. At the end of the school year, their students must pass final exams in each of the subjects. This is to prove that the quality of home instruction is equivalent to formal education in Austria. Keep in mind, however, that the exams must be passed in German.

Have a cookie
Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. Click below to consent to the use of this technology on our website – and don’t worry, we respect your privacy. You can of course change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time, by returning to this site after clearing the cookies on your computer or device.
This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience.
Privacy Settings
This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. You may change your settings at any time. Your choices will not impact your visit.
NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using.
Google Analytics no script
Google Analytics


Continue Reading
Click to comment

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply


TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition



essay writing services reddit

As an increasing number of students seek assistance with their academic assignments, the demand for reliable essay writing services continues to grow. With so many options available, it can be challenging to identify the best service providers. To help you make an informed decision, we have compiled a list of the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023. These services have been carefully evaluated based on their reputation, quality of work, customer satisfaction, and affordability. Read on to discover the top essay writing services that can provide you with the support you need to excel in your academic journey.

essay writing services reddit

essay writing services reddit

What Makes a Great Essay Writing Service

Before delving into the top essay writing services reddit, it’s essential to understand the criteria we used to evaluate them. A great essay-writing service should possess the following qualities:

  • Quality of Work: The service should deliver well-researched, original, and high-quality essays that meet academic standards.
  • Professional Writers: The service should have a team of qualified writers with expertise in various subjects who can handle diverse topics.
  • Timely Delivery: The service should be reliable and capable of delivering essays within the given deadline.
  • Customer Support: The service should provide excellent customer support, ensuring effective communication throughout the writing process.
  • Affordability: The service should offer reasonable pricing plans that are affordable for students while maintaining the quality of work.

Now, let’s explore the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023.

TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition

2.1 EssayPro

EssayPro is a highly reputable essay writing service known for its commitment to quality and customer satisfaction. They have a diverse team of experienced writers who can handle a wide range of subjects. EssayPro offers a user-friendly platform, allowing students to place orders easily and track the progress of their essays. Their pricing is competitive, and they offer additional features such as plagiarism reports and unlimited revisions.

2.2 Grademiners

Grademiners is a popular choice among students due to its excellent track record and reliability. They have a team of highly skilled writers who are proficient in various academic disciplines. Grademiners ensures on-time delivery and provides 24/7 customer support to address any concerns. They also offer free revisions and a money-back guarantee, ensuring customer satisfaction.

2.3 Ultius

Ultius is known for its exceptional writing services and commitment to customer privacy and security. They have a rigorous writer selection process, ensuring that only qualified professionals handle the essays. Ultius offers a wide range of writing services, including essay writing, editing, and proofreading. They also provide a mobile app for convenient communication and order tracking.

2.4 EduBirdie

EduBirdie is a trusted essay writing service that offers a unique feature called “choose your own writer.” Students can browse through profiles and select a writer who matches their requirements. This personalized approach allows for effective collaboration and ensures that the final essay meets the student’s expectations. EduBirdie also provides 24/7 customer support and guarantees 100% original and plagiarism-free content.

How We Evaluated the Services

To evaluate the essay writing services, we considered several factors, including:

  • Reputation and reliability
  • Quality of work and adherence to academic standards
  • Customer reviews and satisfaction
  • Pricing and affordability
  • Additional features and guarantees
  • Customer support and communication

By carefully analyzing these aspects, we identified the top 4 essay writing services that offer outstanding support to students.


Choosing a reliable essay writing service is crucial for students seeking academic assistance. The top 4 essay writing services mentioned in this article – EssayPro, Grademiners, Ultius, and EduBirdie – have proven their worth in terms of quality, reliability, and customer satisfaction. Whether you need help with an essay, research paper, or any other academic assignment, these services can provide you with the support you need to succeed in your studies.

Continue Reading


%d bloggers like this: