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PTE / IELTS: Are They Really Necessary for Study Abroad?

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For those wishing to study abroad, scoring well in an English language proficiency test is said to be a pre-requisite. Though a good IELTS, PTE or TOEFL score cannot assure you a visa, it’s true that a low score can prove to be a roadblock in your plans. Yet this is not the end all of your dreams. Not only is it tiresome reattempting the tests to achieve a perfect score each time, but it also is wastage of time and money.

Are these high-stake tests worth all that hype?

The short answer would be No! Given below are a few options that may help you fulfill your dream, without having to go through all the hassle of preparing for and taking an English language proficiency test.

 

Study Abroad without IELTS/PTE or TOEFL:

Some institutions have designed their own English courses to meet the requirements of an international candidate. A candidate who doesn’t meet the English language skills would need to take this course in lieu of the IELTS, PTE Mock Test or TOEFL test.

Following is the list of countries where you can avail the opportunity to study without having attempted any of these tests:

Australia: A few universities such as the University of Queensland accept applicants without IELTS/PTE/TOEFL if they have worked for at least five years in an organization where English is the primary language of conversation. They also accept an applicant if she has completed a full-time course where the medium of instruction was English. Other universities which accept applications without an English language score as follows:

  • Bond University
  • Macquarie University
  • The University of Adelaide
  • Swinburne University of Technology
  • The University of New South Wales
  • The University of South Australia
  • The University of Southern Queensland

These universities may have their own courses that would be mandatory for international students to meet the English requirements.

 

Russia: It is not necessary for an applicant to have attempted any of these tests to study in Russia. There are many universities in Russia which don’t ask for IELTS/PTE/TOEFL score.

Canada: Canada is also a preferred destination for those who want to study without giving English language tests. Following are a few universities that accept such applicants:

  • Brock University
  • Concordia University
  • Carleton University
  • Memorial University
  • University of Regina
  • University of Winnipeg
  • University of Saskatchewan

In most of these universities, this exemption is provided if one has completed a minimum three consecutive years of study, exclusively in English. It may also be required that the previous institute is registered with the International Association of Universities‘ World Higher Education Database (WHED).

United Kingdom (UK): List of the universities that exempt candidates from such tests:

  • London Southbank University
  • Robert Gordon University
  • The University of Bolton
  • University of Bristol
  • RIGA Technical University
  • University of Geneva

These universities may evaluate competency of a candidate on the basis of her score in English in matriculation and senior secondary. A telephonic or video interview may also be conducted.

Hungary and other EU countries: Many of these countries don’t demand an English language proficiency test score.

USA: Following universities open doors for candidates without these tests:

  • Drexel University
  • University of Iowa
  • University of Dayton
  • University of Missouri
  • University of Arkansas
  • University of Delaware
  • University of Wisconsin
  • University of North Texas
  • California State University
  • University of New Orleans
  • State University of New York

In place of the IELTS/PTE/TOEFL tests, these universities allow candidates to appear for the Intensive English Language Program (IELP), which is a program designed to teach the required language skills.

Malaysia: Malaysia is one of the Asian countries that allow applicants to get admission into various courses without IELTS/PTE/TOEFL.

India: Many high-class Indian Universities don’t ask for these tests. Medium of instruction in most of the courses of Indian Universities is English. A few top-notch universities accepting students without IELTS/PTE/TOEFL:

    • University of Delhi
    • University of Calcutta

 

  • Banaras Hindu University

 

New Zealand: Many institutes of New Zealand accept applications without the English test scores.

New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) has granted such exemptions for international students aiming to get enrolled with non-university tertiary education providers in New Zealand.

Additionally, institutes under Category-I have customised courses to analyse the language competency of students.

So, even if you are unable to attempt or score well in the English language proficiency tests, you still have bright chances to pursue your dream to move overseas. Many of the universities mentioned above also appear in the list of best institutes of the world.

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Top 8 Books To Read For The ITIL Foundation Certification

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The Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) Certification is an internationally recognized credential. It is specially designed for those IT professionals who wish to pursue a career in service management or want to get promoted to senior level managerial job positions. This certification is an elementary level one in IT service management. This certification helps professionals to use various tools and practices to help in the development and growth of the business. ITIL consists of the following modules:

  1. Service design
  2. Service and operation transition
  3. Continual service improvement

The ITIL examination is an objective test comprising of 40 MCQs.The format of this test is aa closed-book one. In order to clear this exam, students need to gain at least 65% marks. Following are 8 reference books and guides to help you prepare for the ITIL certification program quickly and more effectively:

1. Passing Your ITIL Foundation Exam (Best Management Practice) – Second Edition

This guide helps you to prepare for the ITIL Foundation Exam and understand key ITIL principles through practice questions. It also comes with various brainstorming activities to help learners write the basic concepts of the chapters in the book. The book has more than 70 questions for readers to solve and prepare for their ITIL exam. This guide is published by TSO and backed by the APM; the Official Accreditor of ITIL exams. This guide helps you to prepare for the ITIL foundation exam and is according to the current ITIL course.

Therefore, this book is the perfect guide for those who want to prepare for the ITIL Foundation Exam and earn an ITIL certification but don’t have enough time to go through each and every topic. This guide is a great way to learn the fundamental concepts of IT service management. It consists of lessons on fundamentals of service management, ITIL lifecycle, and various service management terminologies used in the industry.  It also gives an overview of the ITIL exam through a mock paper that will help you to prepare for the exam more easily.

2. ITIL Foundation Complete Certification Kit Study Book and eLearning Program – 4th Edition by Ivanka Menken

The ITIL Foundation Certification Kit is a perfect guide to prepare for the ITIL certifications exam. It gives in-depth knowledge about the ITIL lifecycle, from strategy to continual service improvement. Each and every topic in the book is explained in such a way that readers will be able to grasp the core concepts without any difficulty. The book has a total of 392 pages, and it can also be used as a reference book to prepare for other ITIL exams. This book also provides ways for how ITIL practices can be adopted in the practical world. The book has no particular restrictions for readers as the topics can be covered in any sequence as desired by the readers. This book also comes with several media resources which makers the learning process more smooth.

3. IT Service Management: A Guide for ITIL Foundation Exam Candidates, Second Edition

This book is perfect for those who have completed training for the ITIL exam and want to test their preparation level. This guide is divided into four parts. In the first part, you learn the fundamental concepts of ITIL service management. In the second part, you learn about the ITIL lifecycle and its different modules. In the third part, you learn about different ITIL operations, and in the last part, one discusses measurements and metrics. This book gives you a complete overview of the ITIL examination and helps you to prepare for the ITIL exam in less time.

4. ITIL Lifecycle Publication Suite

The ITIL Lifecycle Publication Suite covers all the five ITIL foundation modules. The book starts with the ITIL service strategy and then the ITIL Lifecycle modules. Each stage is correlated to the previous one. The suite comes with a total of five books and gives in-depth knowledge about ITIL practices. It also provides information about crisis management and informs about effective management of events or incidents.

At each level, learners are provided with regular and constant feedback, helping them to keep themselves abreast of the latest business requirements as well as suitable IT services emerging in the market. Since this book consists of five individual books, buying each book separately can be a bit expensive, therefore buying the entire suite can save you a lot of money. This suite is available in both printed and PDF formats.

5. Introduction to the ITIL Service Lifecycle

This book for the OGC (Office of Government Commerce), is one of the few ITIL books that are approved by the Government. This book can be read by anyone who wants to gain a better understanding of the ITIL fundamentals. The language of the book is simple yet effective so that anyone can understand its key points easily.

The writing style of the book is not too formal, and all the topics are written in a very precise manner and to the point. Even the figures in the book are very simple to understand that they do not require too much expertise or previous ITIL knowledge. All in all, this book is a great option for beginners who wish to earn an ITIL certification without spending too much on ITIL training or other learning material or resources.

6. ITIL Foundation Essentials: The Exam Facts You Need

ITIL Foundation Essentials is a great resource book for aspiring ITIL professionals. This book consists of 150 pages and gives an in-depth knowledge about the basics of ITIL service management. This book has an easy and simple design that helps the readers to understand the text easily. This book is perfect for those who are interested in learning ITIL fundamentals. Not only that, but this book is a must-have for aspiring professionals who wish to clear the newly launched ITIL 4 Certification – Foundation level. Not only beginners, but experienced professionals can also benefit from this book by revising and refreshing all the basic ITIL concepts and terminology.

7. ITIL For Beginners: The Complete Beginner’s Guide To ITIL

ITIL For Beginners is a complete book for clearing the ITIL Foundation exam. This book includes various teaching methods that are specially designed for elementary level learners to help them gain in-depth knowledge about the various lifecycle modules of ITIL. The guide covers complex topics in simple terminology, which makes it an ideal option for new learners.

8. ITIL 2011 Edition – A Pocket Guide (Best Practice Series)

This comprehensive guide provides you with an overall understanding of the whole concept of ITIL. Through this book, various experts belonging to the IT Service Management Forum have tried to answer this puzzling question faced by many aspiring professionals, that is, if the topics covered in this guide successfully represent the gist of ITIL, with limited length as a pocket book for students of no more than 200 pages.

This simple and easy way of encapsulating the core of the ITIL framework makes it an ideal guide for professionals to revise and revisit the basics for a better understanding of core concepts. This book is not as dense a read as other detailed advanced guides are. This read saves time for professionals who just want to refresh their concepts without getting into too much details.

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How to choose which suits you better- online training vs. classroom training

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English is the most well-known decision to contemplate as a second language. Today, in the age of globalization, aspirant who is keen on making a career in top company by sitting in a top position need to know the importance of English language. While thinking about whether to learn English on the web, either by viewing recorded recordings, taking an interest in live exercises or through calls, it’s critical to have all the data ready.

Many aspirants are confused between taking- online training and classroom training. Before you settle on a choice on whether it’s the best strategy for learning for you, examine the upsides and downsides, and a portion of the fantasies while taking English speaking course online.In the age of online learning and internet reaching to wider area, more importantly communication becoming better, taking up online training preferred highly. The advantages associated with English speaking course onlineare as under-

  • Learn from the comfort of your home: –

The best thing about online training compared to offline training is the comfort you get. No drive, no spending extra energy, or arranging time for the same. Just sit at home, either get training on-call or internet.

  • Continuous gaining: –

In case you’re far from home, under any conditions, you don’t have to hold up until you return to keep learning. Your exercises can proceed with regardless of where you are on the planet, guaranteeing continuous learning.

  • Reach to the openly downloadable investigation materials: –

Recordings, sounds, writings, exercise manuals, and introductions all are available online. You likewise have free access to the web, which has an abundance of extra data to peruse, watch, and tune in to. Your guide can point you toward an enormous measure of supportive data, all of which you can get to right away. You cannot get the content online if you go for offline classroom training.

  • Better platform for Learning English: –

For those who wish to get a more personalized learning experience while staying at home, Online courses is a great option. By either talking LIVE with an instructor online or on phone, one gets to learn better and more accurately. One can imitate the instructor as he speaks and practice along with him, and at the same time get corrected as and when required. This is certainly the big advantage of English speaking course online from reputed institute.

  • Development of better Listening Skills:-

A significant method of communication is to go for the development of the interpersonal and listening skills. Through such an online course, one can thus learn how to listen intently, patiently, and carefully to others, thereby improving their overall communication skills while opting for English Speaking Course Online.

  • Practical Implementation of Learning: –

If you are a working professional and want upgrade your English vocab and communication skill, then seeking online training is the best. With the online training you can implement on your job what you learn. Practical session makes you get involved more into the work and find out mistakes you do.

Conclusion: –

Since there is a difference between online and offline English speaking course, you need to decide which fits to your bill. You also need to consider the cost of the training and post-training benefits. The ultimate aim is to get the best out of English speaking course and improve the communication skill.

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Education

How Does The World Of Electrons Look

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The electron is the famous subatomic particle that is known to most of us. He is the hero in many disciplines of Science, especially in Physics. To understand how these electrons live, we must go to their scale. Quantum mechanics takes us from our macroscopic world to the microscopic world.

Let us see where an electron lives? Electron lives inside an atom, in fact, electrons along with neutrons and protons build an atom, thereby a molecule, cluster of which results as matter. Although they are so tiny, their movement induces an electric current.

Electrons are characterised by its mass, charge, spin etc. Mass tells how heavy the electron is. Charge speaks about polarity; that is negative. Spin is another intrinsic property. The spin of an electron is well explained through the Dirac equation.

Electron walks around the nucleus all the time along the definite orbits. The number of electrons residing in an atom varies from atom to atom. They jump from one orbit to another. Not just for fun but at a cost. When an electron jump from higher orbit to lower, it emits energy and when an electron jumps from a lower orbit to higher it absorbs energy.

When the atoms full of electrons subjected to macroscopic entities like temperature, pressure their configuration changes. When they collide they even shift their paths, they exchange their energies, momentum, direction etc. Their behaviour in the presence of magnetic fields and electric fields along with other parameters is explained by Maxwell relations.

Electrons are bit mysterious too. One electron can exists simultaneously at two different places at the same time. If you know their exact momentum, you will lose all the information about their position and vice versa. This is well explained by Werner Karl Heisenberg in his Heisenberg uncertainty principle.

To conclude, Electrons are the building blocks of everything around us; from the object next to you to the infinite universe. Understanding them and their complex characteristic is hard. Scientists across the globe work every day to know them better.

To learn more on such physics concept, you can follow the video link given below and also subscribe to BYJU’S YouTube Channel to watch interactive videos with 3D animations and in-air productions.

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