The liver is the largest organ inside the human body. It helps digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. A liver transplant is a surgical procedure. During transplant, a surgeon removes the diseased liver and replaced with a healthy liver from a living or deceased donor. Most transplant livers come from the donor who has died. although a liver may also come from a living donor.
The number of people waiting for new livers is much larger than the number of available deceased-donor livers, hence liver transplant is reserved for people who are critically ill. Some patient gets the liver right away whereas some patients may spend many months for a liver transplant.
Functions of the liver:
1. Preventing infection and regulating immune responses.
2. The liver produces elements necessary for the absorption of fats and vitamins.
3. The liver makes most proteins needed by the body.
4. Liver processes and removes drugs, alcohol and other substances generated in the body that may be harmful to our body.
5. Liver maintains the hormonal balances.
6. Removing bacteria and toxins from the blood.
7. Preventing infection and regulating immune responses.
Who requires a liver transplant?
People need a liver transplant when their liver fails due to injury or disease.
1. Liver damage due to alcoholism.
2. primary biliary cirrhosis.
3. By birth liver defect.
4. Biliary atresia- rarer diseases of the liver that affect new-borns.
5. metabolic disorders associated with liver failure.
6. Biliary duct atresia.
7. Cystic fibrosis.
8. viral hepatitis.
9. Genetic disorders.
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Types of Liver Transplant
1. Deceased donor transplants
Most liver transplant comes from deceased donors means a person who has just died. During a deceased donor transplant, surgeons remove your injured or diseased liver and replace it with the donor’s liver.
The liver is also obtained from a patient who is brain dead. One’s brain dead patient is identified and deemed as a potential donor, the blood supply of his body is maintained artificially. This is a deceased organ donation principle. Patients who die of head trauma, brain hemorrhage or other causes of sudden death are the donors suitable for organ donation.
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2. Living Donor
Sometimes a family member will donate a part of his/her liver. The donor should be a healthy living person. The liver has the capacity to regenerate if a part of a normal healthy liver is removed. During a living donor transplant, surgeons remove a part of the living donor’s healthy liver. The surgeon will replace the diseased or injured liver. The living donor’s liver will grow back to normal size soon after the surgery.
Utmost safety is taken while selecting and operating live donor, as donor’s safety is the first objective of whole processes.
- A potential donor should be.
- Be either spouse or relative.
- Have the same blood group.
- Be in good overall health and physical condition.
- Be older than 18 years and younger than 55 years of age.
- A donor should have a normal body mass index.
A Donor should not have:
- History of Hepatitis B or C.
- HIV infection.
- Active or frequent alcoholism use.
- Any drug addiction.
- Psychiatric illness currently under treatment.
Risk Factor and Complications
There are risks associated with the procedure and with drugs necessary to prevent rejection.
Risk of significant complications, including:
1. Bile duct complications.
3. Blood clots.
4. Failure of donated liver.
6. Rejection of donated liver.
7. Mental confusion or seizures.
Anti-rejection medication side effects
After a successful liver transplant, you will recommend taking medication for the rest of your life to help prevent your body from rejecting the donated liver. These anti-rejection medications can cause a variety of side effects, Such as:
- Bone thinning.
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol.
Choosing a transplant Center
If a liver transplant is recommended then you may require the transplant Center. You are also free to select the transplant Centers on your own or choose a Center from your insurance company listening.
While you are considering the Center, you may want to:
1. Know the transplants and its types the Center perform each year.
2. Ask the Center about live transplant rate.
3. understand the cost before, during and after the transplant. The cost may include.
4. Consider additional services like a support group, assisting with travel arrangements, helping with local housing etc.
5. Check whether the Centers have the latest transplant technology and techniques, which indicates that the program is growing.
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Best Hospitals in India for Liver transplant
1. Global Hospital Chennai
Gleneagles Global Health City, the sprawling 21-acre facility located in Perumbakkam, Chennai is the largest facility of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. With a capacity of over 1000 beds and accreditations from leading agencies, the facility is Asia’s most trusted and leading Multi-Organ Transplant Centre. The hospital has undertaken several path-breaking Liver, Neuro, Heart, Lung and Kidney procedures. It is recognized by several international and national level accrediting agencies. World-class infrastructure, dedicated staff and a commitment for medical excellence are the USPs of this facility.
2. Dr. Rela institute of medical science
The hospital is committed to being an internationally significant health care system with the state-of- the- art infrastructure facilities, functioning in a sprawling area of 36 acres of land located in Chromepet, Chennai, India. Our hospital has facility of 450 beds inclusive of 130 critical care beds, 14 operating rooms, contemporary reference laboratories and radiology services. This centre is conveniently located in close proximity to road, rail and air transport.
3. Fortia Hospital, Mumbai
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a JCI accredited, 300-bed multi-specialty tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical staff the Fortis Hospital at Mulund provides a patient-centric approach. This facility specializes in Cardiology and Cardiac surgery, Urology, Nephrology, Neurosciences, Orthopaedics, Digestive Care, Emergency Care and Critical Care, Maternity care among others.
4. Gleneagles Global Hospitals Mumbai
Global Hospitals located at Lower Parel, Mumbai is the latest addition to the geographical footprint of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. The 450-bed facility comprises of 17-stories, housing state-of-the-art infrastructure and advanced medical care facilities. The hospital offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The Hospital offers advanced Endoscopic procedures, Hepatobiliary and Liver Surgeries, Surgical and Medical Gastroenterology, Bariatric Surgery and Transplants. The parent entity of Gleneagles Global Hospitals is IHH Healthcare, a leading premium integrated healthcare provider with a network of 84 hospitals and more than 16,000 licensed beds.
Best Health and Wellness Gadgets for a healthy Lifestyle
Technology has gifted us with a lot of innovative gadgets for science, education, industrialization, research, entertainment and improvement of our physical and mental wellbeing. A few of them fascinate a lot of users while others are proven essentials for our self-grooming.
Here in this article, we have listed a few of the best health and wellness gadgets to enhance your mental health. We have reviewed dozens of healthcare gadgets and figured out the best fitness gadgets for mental health that are age or gender independent. Before spending on gadgets for entertainment, consider these healthcare gadgets to be a part of your wardrobe.
Fitbit Charge 3
One of the most essential healthcare gadgets is Fitbit Charge 3. You can opt for any other fitness tracker or smartwatch that comes with all the features of a fitness tracker.
Major features that we seek in a fit band are Heart Rate Tracker, Activity Tracking, Sleep Monitor, Multi-Sport Tracking, Swimming, GPS Tracking, Waterproof with basic message/notification alerts synced from your smartphone and almost a week-long battery life. Not all the fitness trackers have all the features however its good to have as much as you can.
Portable Gluten Tester
Nima is the world’s first portable gluten detector designed by 6SensorLabs in San Francisco. This device is made for advanced healthcare for patients or highly sensitive people. Portable Gluten Tester can test your food for gluten within five minutes.
This is majorly used when you are eating outside or packaged food. Just give the first bite to Nima Portable Gluten Tester in a one-time disposable gluten test capsule and run the test. The device will detect if there is any gluten present in your meal or is it safe to eat. The device is portable and fits in the palm of your hand and each charge lasts up to 30 tests.
Dr. Song Teeth Whitening Kit
This is one of the greatest innovations in the field of dental care. Everybody wants bright white shining teeth however due to food habits or smoking we end up losing our teeth’ brightness. Dr. Song Teeth Whitening Kit is an ultimate solution to teeth whitening.
It comes with 3 syringes of teeth whitening gel, trays and LED accelerator light. The product and its accessories are made in the USA and the charcoal teeth whitening toothpaste is dramatically effective. The LED blue light application is set at the exact nanometers. The wavelength combined with, pressure, heat, and peroxides is the ultimate treatment in tooth whitening.
BACtrack Mobile Smartphone Breathalyzer
BACtrack Mobile Smartphone Breathalyzer is an advance level innovation that helps you estimate your alcohol level. It comes with a professional-grade accuracy along with Bluetooth connectivity to Apple iPhone, Google & Android Devices.
This is rated as one of the best health and wellness gadgets as BACtrack Mobile has got the best accuracy level in comparison with the police-grade model, hospitals, clinics, and even law enforcement. BACtrack Mobile Smartphone Breathalyzer has the advanced level technology to tell you the time needed to come back to 0% so that you make better decisions while drinking.
As per the device, the only safe time to drive is when your BACtrack Mobile Smartphone Breathalyzer shows 0.00%. Anything above that, you should call an Uber directly from the App.
Wireless Smart Glucometer
Another gadget to enhance your mental health is iHealth Wireless Smart Blood Sugar Test Kit that is compatible with Apple and Android devices. Those suffering from Diabetes need to examine their sugar/glucose levels on a routine basis.
Every meal they take needs to be controlled as it hampers their glucose level. iHealth Wireless Smart Blood Sugar Test Kit comes with MFi Certified Bluetooth 3.0 Blood Glucose Meter, Smart Diabetes Testing Kit, Lancing Device, 10 Lancets, and Carry Bag. It’s a pocket-sized blood glucose meter that fits in your purse, bag, or backpack. The glucometer connects with Bluetooth to sync with your smartphone through a secure app. If it is not connected, you can also take a reading of your blood sugar levels on the illuminated LED display. The app is smart enough to store all the readings in a secure and HIPAA compliant cloud platform and can be accessed online or on the mobile app. It has a rechargeable battery that can be charged on the go.
SteriPEN Ultra USB UV Water Purifier
SteriPEN Ultra USB Rechargeable Portable, Handheld UV Water Purifier is one of the most advanced UV water purifiers with an OLED display (Organic Light Emitting Diode). It is useful to eliminate bacteria, protozoa, and viruses from half or one liter of water at a time.
It just takes 45-90 seconds for water treatment depending on the volume. Loaded with an internal USB rechargeable Lithium-Ion battery, the lamp life can assure up to 8000 activations to charge up to 50 liters of water. It is a lightweight and portable Handheld UV Water Purifier for on-the-go adventures. It is one of the most effective healthcare gadgets to work against microorganisms.
Nokia BPM+ Wireless Blood Pressure Monitor
In the recent past, Nokia BPM+ Compact Wireless Blood Pressure Monitor has been trending as one of the exciting healthcare gadgets. Every patient or a frequent diagnosis requires a blood pressure monitor and Nokia is the one who digitalized the device.
It is a compact and lightweight handheld device that is easy to set up and diagnose. It provides accurate measurements as tested but many healthcare professionals and residential nurses. Nokia BPM+ is easy to carry as it fits in your small handbag or your office briefcase. The detailed results are shown on your smartphone for future reference. The Health Mate App works tremendously with the device as it shows the trend on a candlestick bar graph that is very easy to read.
A few of the users reported that the blood pressure reading doesn’t go accurately if the left arm circumference is bigger than 35 cm (13.77 inches, 1.14 feet or 0.38 yards). As per testing standard authorities, the results are testified accurately.
We hope you make the best use of these trending healthcare gadgets. We have listed a few of the most essential and the best health and wellness gadgets, though there are hundreds of inventions recorded every month. Keep a check of your health and ensure that you always stay updated and safe with the help of these gadgets for mental health.
Why You Shouldn’t Take Steroids
You’ll inevitably hear about, and even consider, steroids at some point in your career. If you are an athlete or bodybuilder, you will know guys that take them, and you’ll be tempted to do so yourself. After all, it’s really hard work to pump iron and do a lot of cardio. Why wouldn’t you want to look ripped just by taking a pill? Well, you’ll find out why you shouldn’t take steroids. Just keep reading.
Many high-profile athletes have used steroids to improve their musculature and their physical performance, particularly bodybuilders. Were you aware that there are many serious complications of steroid use, including death? Even so, the allure of being the best sometimes blinds even the most promising athlete.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic copies of testosterone, a prominent male sex hormone. The keyword there is “synthetic.” In other words, it’s artificial. It isn’t real. They were primarily for use in treating patients of AIDS and anemia, who were suffering from extreme muscle loss. The treatment is referred to as “hormone replacement therapy”, or HRT, and this helps individuals get more of the hormone that their bodies aren’t able to make enough of naturally. Doctors never prescribe anabolic drugs to anyone who doesn’t need them to build muscle.
Bodybuilders have garnered a bad reputation for being steroid abusers. Steroids can be transmitted as pills or intramuscular injections, for the most part. For bodybuilders who abuse steroids, they can get more muscle faster than normal. As it increases muscle mass, it also serves as a diuretic, flushing out excess water and giving the bodybuilder a more defined, ripped look.
There are some severe consequences of steroid use, aside from the obvious legal consequences if you are caught possessing or using them. Some major side effects of steroids include cancer, an increase in bad cholesterol, liver tumor, jaundice, high blood pressure, stroke, acne, baldness, enlargement of the breast, shrunken testicles, low sperm count, infertility, heart attack, headache, nose bleed, altered thyroid function, and an increased likelihood of contracting HIV or hepatitis from sharing infected needles.
That’s not all, though. There are psychological effects like sudden fits of rage, mood swings, depression, hyperactivity, and brain damage read the full info here. There are further physical side effects like weight gain/loss, insulin insensitivity, increased body hair, water retention or dehydration, nausea, anaphylactic shock, chills, bone pain, hives, depressed immune system, sore tongue, lethargy, diarrhea, vomiting, thinning of hair, constipation, abdominal pain, edema, and more.
Fat Burners – What to Look For in a Good Fat Burner
People who are looking to lose a few pounds or just want an energy boost often turn to “Pro Blast XL” for help. These products can potentially be beneficial in helping to maximize energy and increasing weight loss. But at what cost? Many people take these products without bothering to check what exactly is in them. This can be a dangerous proposition, especially for people with a history of cardiovascular disease or seizures.
Many of you might remember the recent events that led the FDA to ban the popular fat burner ephedra for sale in the United States. Ephedra use has been linked to a high rate of serious side effects including seizure, stroke, heart attack, and death. These are side effects that I could safely say most people would like to avoid. So what is somebody who wants to take a fat burner suppose to do? Well for one always talk to your healthcare professional before starting a fat burner supplement, and two use the tips in this article to identify what to look for in a fat burner.
Have you ever turned a bottle of fat burner over and looked at the ingredients in it? Deciphering just what exactly is in the product can be a daunting challenge. You have probably never heard of four out of five of the ingredients in any given fat burner. The most common ingredient found in fat burners, caffeine, might be the only one you recognize. Ma huang, the Chinese name for ephedra, was a common ingredient in many fat burners before its ban in 2004. Millions of people took ma huang containing products and just assumed it was safe.
After its ban, ephedra was replaced in many products with bitter orange. However, the National Center or Complementary and Alternative Medicine has found that “there is currently little evidence that bitter orange is safer to use than ephedra.” Be wary of products that contain several different herbal ingredients that you have never heard of before. You do not want to potentially be taking the next ephedra.
There are several ingredients in fat burners that have been used for many years and have a more established safety profile. For example, green tea extract is found in numerous products. Green tea extract is not only a source of caffeine, which by itself has been shown to increase energy and stimulate metabolic rate, but it is also a powerful antioxidant.
It has been shown to inhibit an enzyme called amylase which is responsible for breaking down carbohydrates and increasing blood sugar levels. As a result, blood sugar levels are lowered resulting in less fat storage. Additionally, green tea is rich in catechins which have been shown to lower body fat. If that wasn’t enough, green tea may also inhibit fatty acid synthase, an enzyme responsible for turning carbohydrates into fat.