The liver is the largest organ inside the human body. It helps digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. A liver transplant is a surgical procedure. During transplant, a surgeon removes the diseased liver and replaced with a healthy liver from a living or deceased donor. Most transplant livers come from the donor who has died. although a liver may also come from a living donor.
The number of people waiting for new livers is much larger than the number of available deceased-donor livers, hence liver transplant is reserved for people who are critically ill. Some patient gets the liver right away whereas some patients may spend many months for a liver transplant.
Functions of the liver:
1. Preventing infection and regulating immune responses.
2. The liver produces elements necessary for the absorption of fats and vitamins.
3. The liver makes most proteins needed by the body.
4. Liver processes and removes drugs, alcohol and other substances generated in the body that may be harmful to our body.
5. Liver maintains the hormonal balances.
6. Removing bacteria and toxins from the blood.
7. Preventing infection and regulating immune responses.
Who requires a liver transplant?
People need a liver transplant when their liver fails due to injury or disease.
1. Liver damage due to alcoholism.
2. primary biliary cirrhosis.
3. By birth liver defect.
4. Biliary atresia- rarer diseases of the liver that affect new-borns.
5. metabolic disorders associated with liver failure.
6. Biliary duct atresia.
7. Cystic fibrosis.
8. viral hepatitis.
9. Genetic disorders.
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Types of Liver Transplant
1. Deceased donor transplants
Most liver transplant comes from deceased donors means a person who has just died. During a deceased donor transplant, surgeons remove your injured or diseased liver and replace it with the donor’s liver.
The liver is also obtained from a patient who is brain dead. One’s brain dead patient is identified and deemed as a potential donor, the blood supply of his body is maintained artificially. This is a deceased organ donation principle. Patients who die of head trauma, brain hemorrhage or other causes of sudden death are the donors suitable for organ donation.
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2. Living Donor
Sometimes a family member will donate a part of his/her liver. The donor should be a healthy living person. The liver has the capacity to regenerate if a part of a normal healthy liver is removed. During a living donor transplant, surgeons remove a part of the living donor’s healthy liver. The surgeon will replace the diseased or injured liver. The living donor’s liver will grow back to normal size soon after the surgery.
Utmost safety is taken while selecting and operating live donor, as donor’s safety is the first objective of whole processes.
- A potential donor should be.
- Be either spouse or relative.
- Have the same blood group.
- Be in good overall health and physical condition.
- Be older than 18 years and younger than 55 years of age.
- A donor should have a normal body mass index.
A Donor should not have:
- History of Hepatitis B or C.
- HIV infection.
- Active or frequent alcoholism use.
- Any drug addiction.
- Psychiatric illness currently under treatment.
Risk Factor and Complications
There are risks associated with the procedure and with drugs necessary to prevent rejection.
Risk of significant complications, including:
1. Bile duct complications.
3. Blood clots.
4. Failure of donated liver.
6. Rejection of donated liver.
7. Mental confusion or seizures.
Anti-rejection medication side effects
After a successful liver transplant, you will recommend taking medication for the rest of your life to help prevent your body from rejecting the donated liver. These anti-rejection medications can cause a variety of side effects, Such as:
- Bone thinning.
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol.
Choosing a transplant Center
If a liver transplant is recommended then you may require the transplant Center. You are also free to select the transplant Centers on your own or choose a Center from your insurance company listening.
While you are considering the Center, you may want to:
1. Know the transplants and its types the Center perform each year.
2. Ask the Center about live transplant rate.
3. understand the cost before, during and after the transplant. The cost may include.
4. Consider additional services like a support group, assisting with travel arrangements, helping with local housing etc.
5. Check whether the Centers have the latest transplant technology and techniques, which indicates that the program is growing.
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Best Hospitals in India for Liver transplant
1. Global Hospital Chennai
Gleneagles Global Health City, the sprawling 21-acre facility located in Perumbakkam, Chennai is the largest facility of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. With a capacity of over 1000 beds and accreditations from leading agencies, the facility is Asia’s most trusted and leading Multi-Organ Transplant Centre. The hospital has undertaken several path-breaking Liver, Neuro, Heart, Lung and Kidney procedures. It is recognized by several international and national level accrediting agencies. World-class infrastructure, dedicated staff and a commitment for medical excellence are the USPs of this facility.
2. Dr. Rela institute of medical science
The hospital is committed to being an internationally significant health care system with the state-of- the- art infrastructure facilities, functioning in a sprawling area of 36 acres of land located in Chromepet, Chennai, India. Our hospital has facility of 450 beds inclusive of 130 critical care beds, 14 operating rooms, contemporary reference laboratories and radiology services. This centre is conveniently located in close proximity to road, rail and air transport.
3. Fortia Hospital, Mumbai
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a JCI accredited, 300-bed multi-specialty tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical staff the Fortis Hospital at Mulund provides a patient-centric approach. This facility specializes in Cardiology and Cardiac surgery, Urology, Nephrology, Neurosciences, Orthopaedics, Digestive Care, Emergency Care and Critical Care, Maternity care among others.
4. Gleneagles Global Hospitals Mumbai
Global Hospitals located at Lower Parel, Mumbai is the latest addition to the geographical footprint of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. The 450-bed facility comprises of 17-stories, housing state-of-the-art infrastructure and advanced medical care facilities. The hospital offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The Hospital offers advanced Endoscopic procedures, Hepatobiliary and Liver Surgeries, Surgical and Medical Gastroenterology, Bariatric Surgery and Transplants. The parent entity of Gleneagles Global Hospitals is IHH Healthcare, a leading premium integrated healthcare provider with a network of 84 hospitals and more than 16,000 licensed beds.
Same Day Dentures – Actually Worth The Investment or Not?
Did you say yes to same-day dentures? If so, then you are already on your way to a brilliant smile. It is one of the most prominent tooth replacement options in the latest dental technology. It has merely allowed streamlining the process and allowed people to come back home with a full set of teeth after just one appointment. Are you wondering how it works?
Mainly, one or more than one implant is inserted into your jaw bone, instead of spending 3-5 months. It clearly means that very minimal time is spent without a visible missing tooth. There are two ways how it differs from the traditional ones.
First of all, same-day implants don’t take much of your time, just a few hours. Whereas, the typical tooth implant procedure takes more than 3 months and that too, with a missing tooth. Secondly, it requires a very less number of visits. But remember, the success rate of this treatment is not that higher as compared to the standard one.
What is the procedure like?
In general, the individual doesn’t have to wait for several months for his gum/tissue to heal. Your dentures are on the spot, ready for the placement. Before the extraction, your expert dentist will take the impressions and images of your dental area. This procedure is applicable for:
- Replacing a single tooth
- Replacing 2-3 missing tooths
- Full set of dental implants
- All on 4 implants or All on 6 implants
Are you the right candidate for a tooth implant procedure?
If you are wondering what makes them different from other procedures. Basically, they don’t differ much, it is just the time that counts, and the lab work that takes almost a week. If you have made your mind to get it done? If yes, then simply head to a certified/licensed dentist near you and get them fitted while ensuring that the dentures satisfy your needs. Once done with the placement, you are good to go! So, what are you waiting for? Say no to those frequent and never-ending visits and the tedious waiting period.
Is the procedure painful?
Generally, same-day dentures are implemented under local anesthesia. If any sort of sedation is required, that is also provided as it blocks the pain trails. After the effect starts to lessen, an individual may begin to feel a slight discomfort. But not to worry as the dentist recommends specific pain relievers.
Taking care of same-day implants
Well, it entirely depends on oral hygiene and how long you maintain it. Check out the tips below:
Most expert dentists recommend using a soft-bristle toothbrush. The gentle bristles are generous to the crowns and tissues. Plus, they quickly adapt to the crown surfaces, which helps in thorough cleaning and removing the plaque. A pro tip to follow here is to use a toothpaste with Fluoride as it will keep the cavity formations and decay at bay.
Hold on, we are not talking here about the alcohol-based mouthwashes. Ask your dentist for any suitable recommendation. Going twice with mouth rinsing helps in lessening the plaque and bacterial load, which eventually leads to better oral hygiene.
An appropriate floss should be used to clean the area of contact for improving gum health. If an individual follows this, then there’s no risk of dental bone loss in the long run.
Remember, the key takeaway is to evaluate and get the treatment done from time to time. It is better to avoid smoking, alcohol intake, tobacco chewing, and consuming processed foods as much as you can.