The liver is the largest organ inside the human body. It helps digest food, store energy, and remove poisons. A liver transplant is a surgical procedure. During transplant, a surgeon removes the diseased liver and replaced with a healthy liver from a living or deceased donor. Most transplant livers come from the donor who has died. although a liver may also come from a living donor.
The number of people waiting for new livers is much larger than the number of available deceased-donor livers, hence liver transplant is reserved for people who are critically ill. Some patient gets the liver right away whereas some patients may spend many months for a liver transplant.
Functions of the liver:
1. Preventing infection and regulating immune responses.
2. The liver produces elements necessary for the absorption of fats and vitamins.
3. The liver makes most proteins needed by the body.
4. Liver processes and removes drugs, alcohol and other substances generated in the body that may be harmful to our body.
5. Liver maintains the hormonal balances.
6. Removing bacteria and toxins from the blood.
7. Preventing infection and regulating immune responses.
Who requires a liver transplant?
People need a liver transplant when their liver fails due to injury or disease.
1. Liver damage due to alcoholism.
2. primary biliary cirrhosis.
3. By birth liver defect.
4. Biliary atresia- rarer diseases of the liver that affect new-borns.
5. metabolic disorders associated with liver failure.
6. Biliary duct atresia.
7. Cystic fibrosis.
8. viral hepatitis.
9. Genetic disorders.
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Types of Liver Transplant
1. Deceased donor transplants
Most liver transplant comes from deceased donors means a person who has just died. During a deceased donor transplant, surgeons remove your injured or diseased liver and replace it with the donor’s liver.
The liver is also obtained from a patient who is brain dead. One’s brain dead patient is identified and deemed as a potential donor, the blood supply of his body is maintained artificially. This is a deceased organ donation principle. Patients who die of head trauma, brain hemorrhage or other causes of sudden death are the donors suitable for organ donation.
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2. Living Donor
Sometimes a family member will donate a part of his/her liver. The donor should be a healthy living person. The liver has the capacity to regenerate if a part of a normal healthy liver is removed. During a living donor transplant, surgeons remove a part of the living donor’s healthy liver. The surgeon will replace the diseased or injured liver. The living donor’s liver will grow back to normal size soon after the surgery.
Utmost safety is taken while selecting and operating live donor, as donor’s safety is the first objective of whole processes.
- A potential donor should be.
- Be either spouse or relative.
- Have the same blood group.
- Be in good overall health and physical condition.
- Be older than 18 years and younger than 55 years of age.
- A donor should have a normal body mass index.
A Donor should not have:
- History of Hepatitis B or C.
- HIV infection.
- Active or frequent alcoholism use.
- Any drug addiction.
- Psychiatric illness currently under treatment.
Risk Factor and Complications
There are risks associated with the procedure and with drugs necessary to prevent rejection.
Risk of significant complications, including:
1. Bile duct complications.
3. Blood clots.
4. Failure of donated liver.
6. Rejection of donated liver.
7. Mental confusion or seizures.
Anti-rejection medication side effects
After a successful liver transplant, you will recommend taking medication for the rest of your life to help prevent your body from rejecting the donated liver. These anti-rejection medications can cause a variety of side effects, Such as:
- Bone thinning.
- High blood pressure.
- High cholesterol.
Choosing a transplant Center
If a liver transplant is recommended then you may require the transplant Center. You are also free to select the transplant Centers on your own or choose a Center from your insurance company listening.
While you are considering the Center, you may want to:
1. Know the transplants and its types the Center perform each year.
2. Ask the Center about live transplant rate.
3. understand the cost before, during and after the transplant. The cost may include.
4. Consider additional services like a support group, assisting with travel arrangements, helping with local housing etc.
5. Check whether the Centers have the latest transplant technology and techniques, which indicates that the program is growing.
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Best Hospitals in India for Liver transplant
1. Global Hospital Chennai
Gleneagles Global Health City, the sprawling 21-acre facility located in Perumbakkam, Chennai is the largest facility of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. With a capacity of over 1000 beds and accreditations from leading agencies, the facility is Asia’s most trusted and leading Multi-Organ Transplant Centre. The hospital has undertaken several path-breaking Liver, Neuro, Heart, Lung and Kidney procedures. It is recognized by several international and national level accrediting agencies. World-class infrastructure, dedicated staff and a commitment for medical excellence are the USPs of this facility.
2. Dr. Rela institute of medical science
The hospital is committed to being an internationally significant health care system with the state-of- the- art infrastructure facilities, functioning in a sprawling area of 36 acres of land located in Chromepet, Chennai, India. Our hospital has facility of 450 beds inclusive of 130 critical care beds, 14 operating rooms, contemporary reference laboratories and radiology services. This centre is conveniently located in close proximity to road, rail and air transport.
3. Fortia Hospital, Mumbai
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a JCI accredited, 300-bed multi-specialty tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services. With cutting edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons and paramedical staff the Fortis Hospital at Mulund provides a patient-centric approach. This facility specializes in Cardiology and Cardiac surgery, Urology, Nephrology, Neurosciences, Orthopaedics, Digestive Care, Emergency Care and Critical Care, Maternity care among others.
4. Gleneagles Global Hospitals Mumbai
Global Hospitals located at Lower Parel, Mumbai is the latest addition to the geographical footprint of Gleneagles Global Hospitals India. The 450-bed facility comprises of 17-stories, housing state-of-the-art infrastructure and advanced medical care facilities. The hospital offers end-to-end clinical, surgical and diagnostic services. The Hospital offers advanced Endoscopic procedures, Hepatobiliary and Liver Surgeries, Surgical and Medical Gastroenterology, Bariatric Surgery and Transplants. The parent entity of Gleneagles Global Hospitals is IHH Healthcare, a leading premium integrated healthcare provider with a network of 84 hospitals and more than 16,000 licensed beds.
7 Tips To Smile With Confidence Wearing Dentures
Dentures are a fantastic means of restoring your smile and safely investing in your lifestyle for a long time to come. Whether you’re using partial or full dentures, they’re going to enable you to eat, chat and drink as you want and need to over the course of the day. Although they might be a bit an adjustment, dentures are going to give you a new lease on life. Now, even though they give you an awful lot, dentures do tend to require a little love and care in return. Here are seven tips to keep you smiling with confidence once you incorporate dentures into your lifestyle…
Give Them a Rest
Your dentures need to be given a rest from time to time, no matter what type it is that you’re using. It’s actually recommended that they be taken out for around four hours day and also during sleep. In order for your dentures to help you as you need them to, you should make sure that you’re caring for them. Taking them out when reading, napping or watching a good movie will help to make the time you have without them pass a little sooner.
Clean your Whole Mouth
This is a vital dental care tip whether you have dentures or not! Many people think that they only have to pay attention to their teeth, or dentures, when brushing and flossing, but that’s not the case. It’s important that you clean your mouth, cheeks and tongue whilst brushing to ensure that all food and plaque build up is sufficiently removed. This may not seem too natural at first, but once you get yourself into the habit of it, you’ll be regularly doing it in absolutely no time.
Use the Right Tool
It’s imperative that you take precaution when cleaning your dentures, and this includes being mindful about the tools that you use. A soft or ultra-soft bristle toothbrush to gentle buff away debris both from your gums and your dentures. Plaque build up can be damaging to your whole mouth and your general wellbeing, so it’s very important that you’re consistently cleaning it away. Heading to your dentist regularly will help you to continue to take care of your dentures as best you can.
Pay Attention to Your Adhesives
Your adhesive has to be compatible with your mouth, dentures and tools that you use for cleaning your mouth. Be sure to only use products that your dentist has advised you to use, and only those. It’s easy to forget or pick up something else because it’s a lower price, but this can be detrimental long term and is best avoided.
Don’t Let Them Dry Out
Dry dentures can result in warping, so it’s important that you store them in water or a solvent liquid when they’re out of your mouth or at night.
Make sure you handle your dentures with the utmost care, otherwise, you risk breaking or damaging them. This means taking time not to drop or mishandle them when you’re taking them out and always being mindful of what you’re eating. Biting down on anything too hard or brittle could result in a fracture or breakage.
Visit your Dentist Regularly
Lastly, always be sure to head to your dentist for regular check-ups and cleans, as well as for consultations concerning your dentures!