One of the most annoying problems if you have pets in your house is dealing with fleas. They are very tiny insects but the dangers of them are really serious. So, how to get rid of them to avoid discomfort? Let’s find the answer in this article below.
The life cycle of fleas
The flea life cycle consists of four stages including eggs, larvae, pupae and adults. The flea eggs do not stock to the host animals, they will fly around the host. Flea eggs can be found in areas near host, floor or carpet and after 1-2 days, the eggs will hatch into larvae.
The adult fleas grow within 1 to 2 weeks but only blooms out of the cocoon after the stimulation like the movement of the host. The life cycle of fleas is about 20-35 days depending on the temperature and humidity of the environment. In abandoned houses, they can live in cocoons for up to a year. Newcomers to those houses may be attacked by a large number of fleas from larvae. Under favourable conditions, the time from the egg to mature flea last about 2 to 3 weeks.
Adult fleas are light-headed behaviors, most of which hide in the hair and feather of animals, in the bed and human clothing. If possible, fleas may suck blood all the time, both day and night. You can identify the fleas by the presence of blood stains that are not digested by the fleas in beds and clothes.
There are over 2,200 species of fleas in the world, of which the most common ones are:
Mouse flea (known as Xenopsylla cheopis) is a parasitic animal in rodents, mainly mice, acting as the vector of plague and mouse typhus fever. Transmission occurs when fleas feed on rodents and then suck up human blood. Humans can be infected by plague when fleas suck the blood of plague animals and transmit the Yersinia pestis bacilli to people through bites.
Cat fleas: are the most widely distributed fleas and populations in the world. The main host of cat fleas is the cat but it also infects the majority of dogs. Cat fleas can infect other parasites, cats and dogs as well as humans. The main bacteria and flea-stick infections include Bartonella, mouse rash, and apedermatitis. In addition, fleas also carry Borrelia burgdorferi, the causative agent of Lyme disease, but the possibility of the spread of this flea is unknown.
Dog fleas: Mainly parasitic in dogs in temperate countries.
Human fleas: This kind of fleas does not usually stay on the human body after sucking blood. They often live in cages, poultry, beds and mattress. The fleas may also transmit diseases.
How to get rid of fleas
You can take a measure or combination of measures to get rid of fleas such as eliminating the flea’s primary host or using chemicals.
Kill mice with trapping methods to reduce parasitoid host fleas. It should be noted that if mice die in bulk, it will cause mouse fleas to leave the host and find human to bite and transmit diseases.
Use chemical insecticide. For fleas infecting bubonic plague and typhus, you can spray insecticides into mouse’s habitat to kill the mouse flea.
Take some simple methods such as cleaning, scouring the floor or using a vacuum cleaner to remove fleas, eggs, larvae and cocoons.
Apply DEET to the skin and clothing to prevent flea attack, but it only has effect for few hours.
Use insecticides to spray into the joints and corners where fleas and larvae are present. You can also use chemicals used for clothing and animal hair.
Sprays or saunas of the insecticides are fast acting to kill fleas directly and are convenient for use but not as effective.
Some insecticidal spraying products have effective anti-fleas such as Diazinon, Lambda-cyhalothrin, Deltamethrin, Alphacypermethrin … However, the treatment of flea beetles is not simple, especially in the crowded area. The best way is to invite those who are specialized in insect control to thoroughly handle and ensure safety.
If you got the point that how dangerous the fleas are, then you will understand the importance of getting rid of them. Hope that above information is useful for you!
A Comprehensive Guide On Dental Clinic Set Up
The dental profession is booming and becoming a very popular career choice amongst many enthusiastic individuals all over the world. Once you have completed your dental studies, you can think about setting up your own dental clinic. However, there are a few important aspects you need to know about dental clinic set up. Setting up a dental clinic is not just as easy as finding a place and setting up the tools and equipment’s. There are a lot of other things which need to be taken into consideration as well.
Dental Clinic Set Up
Here Is A Complete Guide On Dental Clinic Set Up
- Master Certain Dental Skills – The reputation of a dental clinic is determined by the dentist. One should have a good degree before you start with a dental clinic. You will also need to gain experience and master certain dental skills, such as CD, tooth extractions, FPD, RTC, etc.
- Investing In The Right Places – It can be a very alluring thought to invest most of your funds into setting up a fancy dental clinic. You might be tempted into decorating your dental clinic with posh interiors which would be sure to attract potential customers. However, it is important to invest your money sensibly. Instead of investing in superfluous activities such as posh interiors and decoration for your clinic, you should invest in good manpower, the right kind of skilled, experienced staff, and great equipment’s. In the end, it is these things that will matter the most to patients.
- Location- The location of your dental clinic is an important factor while setting up the clinic. You must finalize the location which is prime or has a good footfall. Accessibility also an important factor while you decide to choose the location of your clinic.
- Continue Expanding Your Knowledge -When it comes to gaining more knowledge, you can never say ‘I have had enough’. If you are thinking about investing in a dental clinic set up, you must be prepared to keep on studying and gaining new knowledge and skills all your life. Make sure that you attend conferences regularly, learn about new technology and skills related to your profession, and are constantly updating your knowledge.
- Fixing Charges Various For Dental Procedures – When you are setting up a dental clinic, there are a few fundamental rules you will need to decide. You will need to fix the charges for the various dental procedures after calculating the total investment you have made in such a way that you will be able to break even in the shortest possible time, and you can also have a certain profit margin. You will also need to consider various other factors such as the salaries of the staff working for you, the cost of the setup and the various other charges of your clinic, and the locality where you have your dental clinic set up.
- Invest In Marketing – When you are setting up a new dental clinic in your chosen area, you must realize that a lot of potential customers cannot come your way simply because they are not aware that your set up exists. Invest time, energy and money into proper means of advertising and marketing. This means setting up advertisement banners, billboards, distribution of pamphlets, marketing your brand on social media, etc. Social media has become one of the most popular and economical methods you can use to spread the word of your dental clinic set up far and wide, so if you need to, take the help of a professional social media marketing manager and get the right kind of marketing done for your brand. Participating in online forums, social media activity is yet another way to introduce your clinic. You can also organize free dental check-up to popularize your dental clinic.
Dental Clinic Set Up
When investing in a dental clinic set up, these are a few things you need to take into consideration; you will also have to maintain a high level of professional standard by providing some of the best services and facilities which is expected by the dental patients. Keeping the above mentioned points as a key area of consideration will help you in setting up a good dental clinic.
Sitting a Lot? Best Exercises to Help You Prevent the Damage of Sitting
We are all aware of how damaging it can be to sit for so many hours uninterrupted. It is definitely not good for your health.
We are all aware of how damaging it can be to sit for so many hours uninterrupted. It is definitely not good for your health. However, the sad news is that there are over 80% of jobs that require you to sit for most of the day. It is no surprise, but sitting all day has some really bad, undesirable effects on our body. Research constantly links excessive sitting with various heart diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, and heart diseases.
Whether you have five or ten minutes at hand to spare, it is best that you choose the right mobility exercises. You should pick from various ones depending on your fitness, or whether you need it to improve your body and the joints.
As you read below, learn more about the best exercises that will help to prevent the damage of sitting.
When you sit in a chair, the angle between your thigh and the torso will shorten. This eventually causes the muscles in the front part of the hips to shorten. Over time, sitting for long hours will affect the hip flexors and this will tighten in their position. This will only cause serious issues. You need to include exercises that involve stretching your hips and lower back. You can try some yoga exercises to target this as well.
Before any workout, it is important to stretch. This will help to loosen the glutes, hips, and hamstrings. You have to begin by moving your leg forward in a swing manner. You can hold on to something for better balance. Start with the right leg going backward, and bring it forward in a high. Complete at least twenty swings and you can then switch your leg. You can repeat this in the form of side to side swings as well. When you go for a CBD phsyio, experts will also recommend such exercises.
Table Pigeon Pose
Those that do yoga must be well aware of the pigeon pose. You can use a table, which will make it much easier for you to perform the stretches to your leg muscles in different angles. Place your leg on a tabletop, with your knee at ninety degrees. Then place your hand on the table and one on the foot for better support. You should lead forward and try to hold on to this position for at least 90 seconds. You should repeat this with the other leg as well. If you have knee pain, you can use a pillow to prevent the pain from increasing.
You should also lay on your side with your knees and hips positioned at an angle of 45 degrees. Then keep your feet together and you should raise the upper knee high without moving your pelvis. Keep your leg flat on the floor. You can repeat this for about 20 reps for each leg. Do this twice in a weak.
These are just a few exercises, you can try. Others include grok squat, couch stretching, child’s pose, cobra stretch, spinal twist, and more.
Erb’s Palsy – UK Medical Negligence Solicitors Compensation Claims
Erb’s palsy is also called Erb-Duchenne palsy; it is a paralysis of the arm caused by an injury to the brachial plexus.
If you have been injured by a healthcare professional including a doctor, dentist, nurse or technician in a surgery, hospital or clinic in UK you should speak to medical negligence solicitor who will normally give free initial advice and information on how best to preserve your legal right to receive compensation as a result of injuries. Most UK Medical Negligence lawyers operate using a contingency scheme (no win no fee) and you will not have to fund or finance your compensation claim in any respect.
If your medical negligence solicitors are not successful you pay nothing at all. You have nothing to lose in taking up a lawyers offer of free advice and there is usually no further obligation should you decide not to pursue a claim further. Most medical negligence solicitors offer a true professional risk-free service and you should only ever deal with a qualified, specialist.
Erb’s palsy is also called Erb-Duchenne palsy; it is a paralysis of the arm caused by an injury to the brachial plexus, a collection of nerves that exit the neck, mix and match into a plexus, and go out to the arm. The main nerves involved in Erb’s palsy are C5 and C6. These comprise the ventral rami of the spinal nerves C5 to C8 as well as the thoracic nerve T1.
The injury (paralysis) comes from shoulder dystocia in a difficult birth. Shoulder dystocia usually comes when an infant is large, and the head is able to exit the birth canal but the shoulders get stuck. In order to get the shoulders out, the doctor can put too much traction on the infant’s head, stretching the neck and doing damage to the nerves of the brachial plexus. Depending on the type of damage, the paralysis can resolve spontaneously over a few months, might require physical therapy to get better or might require surgery. Some cases of shoulder dystocia happen during a breech delivery when everything but the head is out and pressure is put on the neck to get the head out. It can also affect an infant who suffers from a clavicle fracture at birth that is unrelated to dystocia.
A related injury can be seen at any age when there is a trauma to the head and shoulders that causes the nerves of the brachial plexus to stretch violently, resulting in a form of Erb’s palsy unrelated to shoulder dystocia or infancy. Gunshot wounds or violent traction on the arm can result in paralysis of the arm.
The paralysis in Erb’s palsy can be partial or complete and the damage to each nerve can be as simple as bruising to the nerve or as bad as avulsion of the nerve from the spinal cord. The damage is most likely to the nerve root C5 and one can refer to the union of C5 and C6 nerve roots as “Erb’s point”. This point is the furthest point from the force of traction and is, therefore, the first area affected. Erb’s palsy is a lower motor nerve syndrome so the muscles are weak and there is sensibility disturbance of the affected arm.
The nerves most commonly affected in Erb’s palsy are the musculocutaneous nerve, the suprascapular nerve, and the axillary nerve.
The signs and symptoms of Erb’s palsy include a lack of sensation in the affected arm and atrophy and paralysis of the deltoid muscle, the biceps, and the brachialis muscles. The limb often hangs to the side and is rotated medially with an extended forearm and pronated forearm. Flexion power in the elbow is lost and one can’t supinate the forearm. The arm cannot be raised from its side position. Of all muscles, the biceps muscle causes the greatest problems to the arm.
Whenever the injury occurs as an infant or neonate, it affects muscle development and the limb ends up with stunted growth with all aspects of the arm, including the shoulder and the fingers. The arm is much weaker than the one which is unaffected and nervous and circulatory development is diminished. Many develop contracture of the elbow and cannot raise their arm above the level of the shoulder without help.
The poor development of the circulatory system means that the arm has no ability to regulate its temperature, which is a difficult problem during the winter months as the arm can freeze if not protected against the cold. Healing is reduced in the affected limb and infections are possible if wounds are not protected against infection.
The nerve damage is often the most difficult problem of all. Some patients with Erb’s palsy have no sensation whatsoever of the affected limb while others have full sensory perception. The area most commonly affected by sensory loss is the area between the elbow and the shoulder; these are the first nerves damaged by the initial insult.
The appearance of the arm depends on what nerves are involved. Some situations will have the arm unable to straighten or rotate the arm and the arm will feel stiff and crooked. In other cases, the arm will be loose, and the patient will have little control over the arm. Physical therapy and massage can prevent these unusual appearances and can improve function.
In certain cases, the patient may feel a great deal of pain. There may be cramping pain that may be worse if they have slept on the shoulder. It doesn’t affect all patients with Erb’s palsy, but it can be extremely painful to those who have the problem. Patients can even faint or be sick from severe pain. It usually happens in the latter stages of growth but eventually fades with time.
Treatment of Erb’s palsy is sometimes unnecessary as the infant regains normal function on their own; others need intervention by a specialist. A pediatric surgeon is necessary for avulsion fracture repair. If the repair works well, the lesions will heal, and the function will normalize. Even so, physical therapy is required to strengthen the arm, prevent contractures and maximize sensation. If the child has not regained function after one year, he or she is unlikely to regain any further function without help. Some quickly develop arthritis in the affected extremity.
There are three common surgical treatments for Erb’s palsy including nerve transplants from the opposite limb, subscapularis releases, and latissimus dorsi tendon transfers. Nerve transplants are often done on patients who are younger than age 9 months because the procedure is more successful at that age. Subscapularis releases can be done at any time. A “Z” shaped cut is made into the muscle so that it is able to stretch more.
It can be done repeatedly until the desired effect is achieved. In a latissimus dorsi tendon transfer, the latissimus dorsi muscle is cut in half horizontally so that parts of the muscle is pulled around to attach to the outside of the biceps muscle. It provides some degree of external rotation to the arm if it works at all. There will be increased sensitivity of the biceps because the latissimus dorsi has twice the number of nerve endings as the biceps.