Although every man is aware of what the circumcision procedure includes, if this is the first time for you, then you need to know that circumcision in men is an easy and simple procedure. However, one thing certain is that it is a sensitive topic; one attracts attention and remains a debate in the medical community. The thing about this adult circumcision is that it is a sensitive one, and people often consider it as an inappropriate one, giving it some kind of religious tags. However, regardless of the beliefs you have, keep in mind that the welfare of your health is something that should always come first.
Circumcision in men is the surgical removal of the excess skin that covers the tip or the head of the penis. This refers to the foreskin of the penis, which is a fold that covers the penis tip. This is a continuation of the penis skin, which ends up covering the entire penis.
What’s the Reason Behind this Practice in Men?
Even though circumcision is a common practice parents decide to choose for their younger boys and infants, some boys who do not go through the surgery when they are younger opt for it later, when they are adults. This is often a safe and straightforward surgery, but it’s possible to encounter some minor complications, such as bleeding in rare cases and wound infections.
In worse cases of major complications, the problems could include septicemia and meningitis. In general, this procedure often takes place under local or general anesthesia at top centers such as Circumcision Center. The main reasons why men opt for circumcision are either for cultural or religious reasons or sometimes because of personal preferences. At other times, however, the need for circumcision arises due to medical reasons, including:
This condition often occurs when the foreskin of the penis becomes too tight and difficult to pull back over the glans of the penis. This condition could be genetic, from an infection, or a congenital problem. If you have this problem, then you may need to consider the adult circumcision surgery, which often is the only resort for this condition.
Recurring Balanitis and Balanoposthitis
In some cases, fungal, or bacterial infections may lead to serious health complications such as generalized penis inflammation, which will call for the need to opt for the circumcision surgery. Balanitis or Balanoposthitis is also a recurrent infection. When this affects the glans of the penis, it leads to infections. Usually, this tends to affect about 3-4% men and among these, 1% are sure to battle with the condition, for which surgery for the foreskin removal is the best possible treatment.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sometimes, an uncircumcised penis would also bring about other health issues like the risks of sexually transmitted diseases, for example, genital ulcers, syphilis, HIV, Chlamydia, and type two herpes. In such cases, the most appropriate solution is the adult circumcision surgery.
Other Health Benefits of Circumcision
The adult circumcision surgery is also a preferred choice for two main health reasons, including:
- Urinary Tract Infections: This condition is one that most men struggle with, especially if they do not go through the circumcision procedure. However, research shows that it’s less frequent (about ten times less) in those men who go opt for circumcision. Even though circumcision may reduce the risks of this condition, it does not actually stand out as a sufficient reason to consider the surgery.
- Penile Cancer: This condition is a rare one that men encounter, but those who opt for circumcision are less prone to getting it.
- Cervical Cancer: Uncircumcised men stand a greater risk of transmitting or acquiring the Human papillomavirus, which is responsible for the chances of cervical cancers. However, through the surgery for the removal of the foreskin, the risks reduce.
- Penile Inflammation: In circumcised men, this is something uncommon; however, those who do not go through circumcision are more prone to encountering it. They find it hard to retract the head of the penis while taking a shower, and they may need surgical procedures to manage the procedure medically.
Post Surgery Concerns
Although the risks of complications from the circumcision surgery are rare, bleeding, damage to the penis and infection may be common ones. Other than these, you may experience:
Sometimes, after the circumcision, men resent the choice of opting for the snip, this leaves then stressed psychologically. However, some days later, they adjust to the thought of it.
Some men, who do not enough information on the surgery feel that the sensitivity of their penis will decrease, affecting their sexual life. However, circumcision has no effect on this at all.
As the name suggests, this refers to the penis buried under the scar tissue. This may develop at the site of the incisions, and surgery is often the best treatment.
Circumcision in men, as you can see comes with several benefits. You just need to make sure that you consult the right adult circumcision experts in your area. Ask them all the questions you have in mind and make a well-informed choice accordingly.
Erb’s Palsy – UK Medical Negligence Solicitors Compensation Claims
Erb’s palsy is also called Erb-Duchenne palsy; it is a paralysis of the arm caused by an injury to the brachial plexus.
If you have been injured by a healthcare professional including a doctor, dentist, nurse or technician in a surgery, hospital or clinic in UK you should speak to medical negligence solicitor who will normally give free initial advice and information on how best to preserve your legal right to receive compensation as a result of injuries. Most UK Medical Negligence lawyers operate using a contingency scheme (no win no fee) and you will not have to fund or finance your compensation claim in any respect.
If your medical negligence solicitors are not successful you pay nothing at all. You have nothing to lose in taking up a lawyers offer of free advice and there is usually no further obligation should you decide not to pursue a claim further. Most medical negligence solicitors offer a true professional risk-free service and you should only ever deal with a qualified, specialist.
Erb’s palsy is also called Erb-Duchenne palsy; it is a paralysis of the arm caused by an injury to the brachial plexus, a collection of nerves that exit the neck, mix and match into a plexus, and go out to the arm. The main nerves involved in Erb’s palsy are C5 and C6. These comprise the ventral rami of the spinal nerves C5 to C8 as well as the thoracic nerve T1.
The injury (paralysis) comes from shoulder dystocia in a difficult birth. Shoulder dystocia usually comes when an infant is large, and the head is able to exit the birth canal but the shoulders get stuck. In order to get the shoulders out, the doctor can put too much traction on the infant’s head, stretching the neck and doing damage to the nerves of the brachial plexus. Depending on the type of damage, the paralysis can resolve spontaneously over a few months, might require physical therapy to get better or might require surgery. Some cases of shoulder dystocia happen during a breech delivery when everything but the head is out and pressure is put on the neck to get the head out. It can also affect an infant who suffers from a clavicle fracture at birth that is unrelated to dystocia.
A related injury can be seen at any age when there is a trauma to the head and shoulders that causes the nerves of the brachial plexus to stretch violently, resulting in a form of Erb’s palsy unrelated to shoulder dystocia or infancy. Gunshot wounds or violent traction on the arm can result in paralysis of the arm.
The paralysis in Erb’s palsy can be partial or complete and the damage to each nerve can be as simple as bruising to the nerve or as bad as avulsion of the nerve from the spinal cord. The damage is most likely to the nerve root C5 and one can refer to the union of C5 and C6 nerve roots as “Erb’s point”. This point is the furthest point from the force of traction and is, therefore, the first area affected. Erb’s palsy is a lower motor nerve syndrome so the muscles are weak and there is sensibility disturbance of the affected arm.
The nerves most commonly affected in Erb’s palsy are the musculocutaneous nerve, the suprascapular nerve, and the axillary nerve.
The signs and symptoms of Erb’s palsy include a lack of sensation in the affected arm and atrophy and paralysis of the deltoid muscle, the biceps, and the brachialis muscles. The limb often hangs to the side and is rotated medially with an extended forearm and pronated forearm. Flexion power in the elbow is lost and one can’t supinate the forearm. The arm cannot be raised from its side position. Of all muscles, the biceps muscle causes the greatest problems to the arm.
Whenever the injury occurs as an infant or neonate, it affects muscle development and the limb ends up with stunted growth with all aspects of the arm, including the shoulder and the fingers. The arm is much weaker than the one which is unaffected and nervous and circulatory development is diminished. Many develop contracture of the elbow and cannot raise their arm above the level of the shoulder without help.
The poor development of the circulatory system means that the arm has no ability to regulate its temperature, which is a difficult problem during the winter months as the arm can freeze if not protected against the cold. Healing is reduced in the affected limb and infections are possible if wounds are not protected against infection.
The nerve damage is often the most difficult problem of all. Some patients with Erb’s palsy have no sensation whatsoever of the affected limb while others have full sensory perception. The area most commonly affected by sensory loss is the area between the elbow and the shoulder; these are the first nerves damaged by the initial insult.
The appearance of the arm depends on what nerves are involved. Some situations will have the arm unable to straighten or rotate the arm and the arm will feel stiff and crooked. In other cases, the arm will be loose, and the patient will have little control over the arm. Physical therapy and massage can prevent these unusual appearances and can improve function.
In certain cases, the patient may feel a great deal of pain. There may be cramping pain that may be worse if they have slept on the shoulder. It doesn’t affect all patients with Erb’s palsy, but it can be extremely painful to those who have the problem. Patients can even faint or be sick from severe pain. It usually happens in the latter stages of growth but eventually fades with time.
Treatment of Erb’s palsy is sometimes unnecessary as the infant regains normal function on their own; others need intervention by a specialist. A pediatric surgeon is necessary for avulsion fracture repair. If the repair works well, the lesions will heal, and the function will normalize. Even so, physical therapy is required to strengthen the arm, prevent contractures and maximize sensation. If the child has not regained function after one year, he or she is unlikely to regain any further function without help. Some quickly develop arthritis in the affected extremity.
There are three common surgical treatments for Erb’s palsy including nerve transplants from the opposite limb, subscapularis releases, and latissimus dorsi tendon transfers. Nerve transplants are often done on patients who are younger than age 9 months because the procedure is more successful at that age. Subscapularis releases can be done at any time. A “Z” shaped cut is made into the muscle so that it is able to stretch more.
It can be done repeatedly until the desired effect is achieved. In a latissimus dorsi tendon transfer, the latissimus dorsi muscle is cut in half horizontally so that parts of the muscle is pulled around to attach to the outside of the biceps muscle. It provides some degree of external rotation to the arm if it works at all. There will be increased sensitivity of the biceps because the latissimus dorsi has twice the number of nerve endings as the biceps.
Why Are Weighted Blanket Great Calming And Soothing Agents?
Can a blanket help to calm down anxiety attacks and sensory disorders? Can a blanket act as a calming agent in advanced ages? Well, if you have not heard about the weighted blanket and how they work, then now is the time you find out that they work as an excellent instrument in calming own the nerves and senses and putting the brain and nerves to rest which promotes better sleep.
Why weighted blankets promote sleep?
It is a known fact that blankets are worn for better sleeping in cool climates. Blankets warm up the body and therefore helps keep the body cool. But blankets, when engineered that way, can do much more than simply warming. Weighted blankets are named so for having a heavier weight than usual. And they have this heavyweight for containing small glass beads inside every inner pocket of the blanket. The glass beads offer two types of function. One is they keep the body cool in warm days and warm in cold days as the glass is an excellent insulator. On the other hand, the glass beads have a weight which adds to the weight of the blanket.
The inner pockets of the blanket contain the glass beads in a fixed position by locking them through stitches. Hence the blankets have even number of glass beads all over to exert an even pressure all over the body. And this pressure works magically in relieving tension from the body.
Healing of sensory processing disorder
A problem that is associated with anxiety attacks is sensory processing disorder. This is the problem in the brain that creates a jam in the route of senses and thereby creates a confusing knot of senses, which overall results ina processing disorder of senses. When there is a processing disorder, then the person may not be able to express the feelings and emotions, the requirements of the hour etc. And this can result in jumbled feelings and anxiety and other depressing attacks.
Kids who cannot express themselves very well often go through such phases. And also aged adults get through such attacks. In these cases, the weighted blanket acts as a great calming agent. The weight of the blanket gives a snug feeling of tightness and security under it, with cool and soft sensations of the bamboo fibre and the combination of warmth from the blanket. Overall, this results in a great sensory feeling, which helps bring in good sleep. That is why the weighted blankets are also called calming blankets for adults.
Although kids can use this and get help in sensory processing disorder, the point must be noted that these blankets are not great for kids below two years. In case you have to get blankets for kids, you can get them too, with specification on them about the age group they are meant for.
There are many more health benefits of using a weighted blanket. One of the best benefits every user can feel is the soft and luxurious feel of the hypoallergenic bamboo lyocellfibres. They add to extra comfort while using the blanket beside the many other health benefits.
Top 5 Key Factors to Know About Maternity Insurance
Becoming a parent is a joyous feeling, but it has its own share of financial obligations and responsibilities. Right from when you start expecting a baby, to when you visit gynaecologists, or undergo medical tests, incur the costs of medicines and delivery expenses, the financial burden keeps constantly increasing.
You can tackle these rising childcare expenses, while enjoying these beautiful new moments of your life by opting for a maternity insurance. There are many health insurance plans in India, providing maternity insurance benefits as an add-on cover. You can also buy a separate maternity insurance policy to secure yourself against the financial obligations of having a child.
Read more to know about the top 5 important factors of maternity insurance.
1. Maternity insurance is available as an add-on or inbuilt benefit
Maternity cover is available as an add-on rider or in-built benefit under a health insurance plan. You need to check with your insurer while buying a health insurance policy whether it provides maternity benefits as an in-built feature or you can buy it as an add-on rider with a nominal addition to the premium amount. Also, many insurance companies have introduced separate maternity insurance plans with greater flexibility and enhanced benefits.
2. Maternity insurance cover comes with a waiting period
All maternity covers come with stringent waiting period ranging from 36 to 72 months of continuous renewals. So, it’s important that you buy maternity insurance beforehand when you’re planning to have a baby to make optimum use of policy. However, there are some innovative health insurance maternity coverage plans that come with extremely low waiting period of 9 to 12 months.
3. Coverage depends on the type of maternity insurance
A maternity insurance policy generally covers you against the hospitalisation charges and the fees paid towards the gynaecologist, anaesthetist, paediatrician, and other medical officers. Additionally, some plans also cover pre- and post-hospitalisation expenses along with the costs of medicines and child-care charges like vaccination of the baby. Make sure you pick the right plan so that the expenses to pay from your pocket is minimal.
4. Maternity coverage plans come with a sub-limit clause
Both group and individual health insurance policies that offer maternity coverage limit their maternity payout. So, even if your health plan covers you for a few lakh rupees, the maternity payout from that coverage will be considerably less. The sub-limits generally lie between Rs.20,000 to Rs.50,000 depending on the type of delivery. Hence, you should keep an eye on the sub-limit clause while incorporating maternity insurance in your health cover plan.
5. Premiums for maternity coverage is generally higher but useful
The premiums charged by the insurer for a maternity cover are usually higher than regular health insurance plans. However, the high premiums for maternity insurance are justified since it covers an almost certain condition and you may be saved from paying a hefty amount out of your pocket whenever you plan to become a parent. There are also many insurance providers that offer health insurance with maternity cover online at nominal premium rates.