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Researchers Identify Dozens of Native Students Who Died at Nebraska School – The New York Times



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Using digitized records and newspaper clippings, researchers pieced together the history of the Genoa U.S. Indian Industrial School, a government-run institution that closed in 1934.
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On the edge of town in Genoa, Neb., a stone monument serves as a gravestone on the grounds of a government-run boarding school for Native Americans that has been shuttered for almost a century.
No one knows how many students died there, at the Genoa U.S. Indian Industrial School, though thousands are believed to have passed through its doors. Government documents have proved elusive or obfuscated an accurate death toll. Graves have not been found on the grounds.
But, using digitized government records and newspaper clippings, researchers recently pieced together part of the history of the Genoa School, which operated from 1884 to 1934 and once sprawled over 30 buildings and 640 acres.
The researchers confirmed that at least 87 children died at the school, and identified 50 of the students, whose names have not been made public. The true death toll is probably much higher, they said.
The researchers may publish the names of students who died after consulting with their families and local leaders. The Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs is leading a search for graves at the Genoa School site, where only one building and two barns remain.
The research effort, titled the Genoa Indian School Digital Reconciliation Project and reported on last week by The Omaha World-Herald, adds momentum to an international reckoning with the mass forced relocation of Native American children to boarding schools, where they were made to assimilate to governments’ preferred way of life.
Experts estimate that after Congress passed the Civilization Fund Act in 1819, which authorized the government to educate Native Americans, hundreds of thousands of Native American children were sent to boarding schools operated by the government or by churches. Some never returned home.
Dr. Margaret Jacobs, a professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and one of the Genoa project’s directors, said that it was time to confront “these really harsh histories.”
“l think when Americans hear the word ‘school,’ they think of something really positive,” she said. “It’s taken a while for Americans to realize that the boarding schools are not a benevolent institution, that they were set up to separate Indian children from their families and communities, to sever their ties.”
There were at least 367 boarding schools in 29 states, with the highest concentration in the central United States, according to the National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition, a nonprofit established to address the legacy of the schools.
An 1885 report by the Commission of Indian Affairs said the institution, where students would also work by cooking, cleaning, farming, or learning a trade, was “the only remedy” to protect young Native Americans from “contamination of such gross immoralities” in the “wild” environments in which they were born.
There is no formal estimate of the number of students enrolled in these schools and how many perished at them, said the coalition’s chief executive, Christine Diindiisi McCleave.
“Nobody knows the true number because no one has yet fully examined the records,” she added.
In the 19th century, Canada also established mandatory boarding schools for Indigenous children. In a 2015 report, a dedicated commission estimated that 150,000 students attended the schools until they closed in the late 20th century. The report also determined that at least 6,000 students died at these schools, most from malnourishment or disease.
The schools were one example of “cultural genocide” perpetuated by the Canadian government, the commission’s report states, describing them as an institution that fractured families and identities, banning languages, social practices, and valued items.
Local groups and government agencies have continued to search for names and graves related to the schools. This year, an Indigenous community in British Columbia found an unmarked mass grave containing the bodies of as many as 751 people at the site of a former school. Remains were found of children as young as 3.
A month later, the U.S. Department of the Interior announced an initiative to search government boarding school sites for Native American burials. The department is analyzing government records and consulting with Indigenous communities and plans to issue a report in April, said its press secretary, Tyler Cherry.
Judi gaiashkibos, a member of the Ponca tribe and the executive director of the Nebraska Commission on Indian Affairs, said that it was long overdue for the U.S. to “own this legacy.” Ms. gaiashkibos, who says she uses a lowercase letter for her last name as a sign of humility, said her mother and aunts attended the Genoa School.
Ms. gaiashkibos said the team may publish the names of the students who died after speaking with families of the deceased. Dr. Jacobs said that, before that point, the team needed to consult with community advisers.
“For so long we’ve been afraid to tell stories of genocide,” she said, adding that many in Nebraska were unaware of the Genoa School’s past. “Let’s do the whole thing and tell the whole story. I think it’s really time.”


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TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition



essay writing services reddit

As an increasing number of students seek assistance with their academic assignments, the demand for reliable essay writing services continues to grow. With so many options available, it can be challenging to identify the best service providers. To help you make an informed decision, we have compiled a list of the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023. These services have been carefully evaluated based on their reputation, quality of work, customer satisfaction, and affordability. Read on to discover the top essay writing services that can provide you with the support you need to excel in your academic journey.

essay writing services reddit

essay writing services reddit

What Makes a Great Essay Writing Service

Before delving into the top essay writing services reddit, it’s essential to understand the criteria we used to evaluate them. A great essay-writing service should possess the following qualities:

  • Quality of Work: The service should deliver well-researched, original, and high-quality essays that meet academic standards.
  • Professional Writers: The service should have a team of qualified writers with expertise in various subjects who can handle diverse topics.
  • Timely Delivery: The service should be reliable and capable of delivering essays within the given deadline.
  • Customer Support: The service should provide excellent customer support, ensuring effective communication throughout the writing process.
  • Affordability: The service should offer reasonable pricing plans that are affordable for students while maintaining the quality of work.

Now, let’s explore the top 4 essay writing services in the USA for 2023.

TOP 4 Essay Writing Services in the USA: 2023 Edition

2.1 EssayPro

EssayPro is a highly reputable essay writing service known for its commitment to quality and customer satisfaction. They have a diverse team of experienced writers who can handle a wide range of subjects. EssayPro offers a user-friendly platform, allowing students to place orders easily and track the progress of their essays. Their pricing is competitive, and they offer additional features such as plagiarism reports and unlimited revisions.

2.2 Grademiners

Grademiners is a popular choice among students due to its excellent track record and reliability. They have a team of highly skilled writers who are proficient in various academic disciplines. Grademiners ensures on-time delivery and provides 24/7 customer support to address any concerns. They also offer free revisions and a money-back guarantee, ensuring customer satisfaction.

2.3 Ultius

Ultius is known for its exceptional writing services and commitment to customer privacy and security. They have a rigorous writer selection process, ensuring that only qualified professionals handle the essays. Ultius offers a wide range of writing services, including essay writing, editing, and proofreading. They also provide a mobile app for convenient communication and order tracking.

2.4 EduBirdie

EduBirdie is a trusted essay writing service that offers a unique feature called “choose your own writer.” Students can browse through profiles and select a writer who matches their requirements. This personalized approach allows for effective collaboration and ensures that the final essay meets the student’s expectations. EduBirdie also provides 24/7 customer support and guarantees 100% original and plagiarism-free content.

How We Evaluated the Services

To evaluate the essay writing services, we considered several factors, including:

  • Reputation and reliability
  • Quality of work and adherence to academic standards
  • Customer reviews and satisfaction
  • Pricing and affordability
  • Additional features and guarantees
  • Customer support and communication

By carefully analyzing these aspects, we identified the top 4 essay writing services that offer outstanding support to students.


Choosing a reliable essay writing service is crucial for students seeking academic assistance. The top 4 essay writing services mentioned in this article – EssayPro, Grademiners, Ultius, and EduBirdie – have proven their worth in terms of quality, reliability, and customer satisfaction. Whether you need help with an essay, research paper, or any other academic assignment, these services can provide you with the support you need to succeed in your studies.

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