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Women's cognition in midlife linked to heart health – Medical News Today



Cardiovascular issues are the leading cause of death worldwide. These serious conditions are often linked to other health issues.
A recent study, which appears in the medical journal Neurology, suggests that women with cardiovascular conditions in midlife may be at a higher risk for cognitive decline than men of the same age.
Men and women appear particularly prone to specific conditions at various stages of life. For example, men generally develop risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol at a younger age than women.
Men also are at a higher risk of developing coronary heart disease. On the other hand, older women have a higher risk of stroke than men of the same age.
Numerous studies report associations between mid- or late-life cardiovascular issues and the risk of late-life dementia. Some studies also point to a link between midlife cardiovascular conditions and midlife cognitive decline.
However, there has been very little research on whether the link between heart health and cognitive health differs between the sexes.
Researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN, investigated specifically the association between midlife cardiovascular conditions and mid-life cognition and whether this association was different between men and women.
According to study author Michelle M. Meilke, Ph.D., professor of Epidemiology and Neurology at the Mayo Clinic and a member of the American Academy of Neurology, the study’s results show that midlife cardiovascular conditions and risk factors are associated with midlife cognitive decline in both men and women. However, the degree of association differed between the sexes.
“We actually thought we would see more of an association among the men, but we ended up finding that although a greater percentage of men had cardiovascular factors in midlife, there seemed to be more of an effect on the cognition of the women with those factors,” said Prof. Meilke in an interview with MNT.
The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the GHR Foundation. Participants included 1,857 people between 50–69 years who were enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging and did not have dementia at the start of the study.
The participants were clinically evaluated every 15 months for 3 years. This included several tests to assess memory, language, executive function, and visuospatial skills.
The researchers found that while more men than women had at least one cardiovascular risk factor, the women who did have risk factors were more likely to experience a decline in cognition.
For example, those women with heart disease were more than twice as likely as the men to decline in composite cognitive test scores over the study period.
The results also indicated that different cardiovascular risk factors affected specific cognitive areas differently among the sexes. Diabetes, heart disease, and abnormally high levels of blood cholesterol were associated with a decline in language scores only in women. Congestive heart failure was associated with a decline in language scores only in men.
Dr. Randolph P. Martin, emeritus professor of Cardiology at Emory University Healthcare, and Chief Medical Officer, Caption Health, was asked by MNT to comment on the study.
“What’s really important about this study is that it showed unequivocally that women in midlife who have risk factors of high blood pressure, abnormalities of LDL cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, or obesity can also develop a cognitive decline in midlife and at a greater incidence than men.”
– Dr. Martin
Dr. Martin stressed the importance of lifestyle changes for women in their 40s and 50s who have any of these cardiovascular risk factors.
Prof. Mielke added that oftentimes there is a reduced level of urgency among healthcare providers in treating women with heart health-related issues.
“It’s really important for women to be treated more aggressively if they have any of these cardiovascular risk factors,” said Prof. Mielke.
The researchers note that more research is needed across a broader population since all participants were from a single county in Minnesota. They also stress that future research should focus on what other factors may contribute to the difference in midlife cognitive decline between the sexes.



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Carrots Have These 8 Amazing, Surprising Health Benefits



Initially, the vegetable originated in the geological area and the Asian United States, and it was initially only available in purple and yellow hues. Carrots are an excellent source of beta carotene, a natural mineral introduced by the body to provide sustenance, and they are high in fibre.

Carrots, which are crunchy, orange, and delicious, provide a variety of benefits to our health, pores, skin, and hair. These don’t appear to be particularly tasty, but they are loaded with numerous important nutrients, for example, beta-carotene, cell reinforcements, potassium, fibre, sustenance K, and so on.

Carrots are cultivated to promote eye health, lower dangerous LDL cholesterol, and aid in weight loss. Let’s put it to the test and find out why carrots are so good for you!

The following are twelve effective edges you might get from carrots:

1. Supports gadget

Most importantly, carrots contain a few phytochemicals that are well-known for their cancer-causing properties. Carotenoids and carotenoids are present in more than one of these associations. Overall, compounds create resistance and activate specific proteins that prevent the growth of most tumor cells. An investigation reveals on a screen that carrot juice can also fight leukemia.

2. Advances Glowing Skin

Investigate tips that stop outcome, and vegetables well off in those composites will finish pores and pores and skin ground and work with people’s appearances, thus making them more noteworthy young.

3. Fortifies Bones

Carrots are high in vitamins, minerals, and cancer-fighting agents. Vitamins B6 and K, potassium, phosphorous, and other minerals contribute to bone health, a more durable, and help with mental performance. Aside from selling the body to free extreme annihilation, cancer prevention agents keep an eye on the casing in the course of dangerous microbes, infections, and diseases. Physical cell digestion is managed by the ophthalmic component. Carotenoids have been linked to improved bone health.

4. Advances Male physiological circumstance (ED)

These fruitfulness meals may increase the number of sperm cells and their motility. According to research, this is a direct result of the fake carotenoids found in carrots, which are responsible for the vegetable’s orange color. However, it is still unknown whether carrots can improve sperm enjoyment and motility. Carrots are being tried to improve food for male physiological conditions and erectile dysfunction. Cenforce FM and Cenforce D can be used to treat impotency.

5. Keeps From Cancer and Stroke

Carrots have an unusual endowment in that they are loaded down with anti-cancer resources that will depress the cells’ blast. Essentially, studies have discovered that carrots can reduce the risk of a variety of diseases, including colon, breast, and prostate cancer.

6. Further develops the natural framework Health

Carrots contain a significant amount of dietary fibre, which plays an important role in supporting healthy stomach function. Fibre expands your stool, allowing it to pass more easily through the stomach-related plot and preventing stoppage.

7. Assists with managing polygenic affliction and basic sign

Carrots are high in fibre, which promotes cardiovascular health by lowering LDL cholesterol levels in veins and blood vessels. Calcium is absorbed through the frame of carrots, resulting in low but dangerous cholesterol levels.

Carrots have an unbalanced fibre content. An investigation found that advanced fibre consumption improves aldohexose digestion in people with the polygenic disorder. Following a healthy, well-balanced diet and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Inconsistencies in glucose digestion may require a high level to combat aerophilic strain, and this is frequently where the inhibitor nutrients dilettanti ophthalmic thing axerophthol fats-solvent sustenance may also benefit.

According to one review, juice provided a 5 wrinkle inside the beat fundamental sign. The supplements in carrot juice, with fibre, K, nitrates, and vitamin C, have all been obtained to help this final product.

8. Advances Healthy Heart

To begin with, each cancer prevention agent is beneficial to your coronary heart. Furthermore, at 0.33, they should contain fibre, which can help you stay in shape and lower your chances of having a heart attack.

9. Forestalls devolution

Edges that are hostile to ophthalmic detail ensure the floor of the eye and provide a sharp inventiveness and perception. Taking juice will help to delay many eye diseases, such as macular degeneration, cataracts, and visual impairment. Overall, carrots contain lutein, which is an inhibitor that protects the eye from obliterating light.

10. Works on urinary organ and Liver perform

Carrots contain glutathione. Cell reinforcement has been shown to be effective in treating liver disease caused by aerophilic strains. The greens are high in plant flavonoids and beta-carotene, both of which stimulate and develop your popular liver component. Carrots contain carotenoid, which can help fight liver problems.

11. Palatable Anti-Aging

Along with carrots on your regular food, you will appreciate limiting the way you get more seasoned. Furthermore, beta-carotene functions as an inhibitor that advances cell harm, which happens as a result of the casing’s normal digestion.

12. Advances Weight Loss

Uncooked Carrots are 88% water when raw or ebb and flow. A regular carrot has the lowest difficulty level of 25 energy. Taking everything into consideration, including carrots in your diet is a wise way to fuel yourself while collecting calories.

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